Wound – Causes, Treatment & Help


The following text provides information about wounds , their causes, their diagnosis and subsequent course, their further treatment and preventive measures.

What is a wound?

wound is generally described as a superficial injury to the skin (medical: tissue destruction or severing). The injury can result in tissue loss. If the wound was caused by psychological damage, it is called a traumatic wound.

Due to the variety of different wounds, they can be classified according to type or cause. There are the following types of wounds:

Mechanical wounds: caused by force or violence. Mechanical wounds include B. abrasions , lacerations , lacerations , gunshot wounds, bites or crush wounds .

Thermal wounds: caused by burns , scalds or frostbite of the tissue.

Chemical wounds: are caused by the effects of acid, alkali or poison and cause chemical burns .

Radiation wounds: damage caused by X-rays or radioactive radiation.


The most common wounds are caused by external violence or illness.

Wounds from external violence are:

  • Accidental wounds caused by accident.
  • Surgical and laser wounds that are necessary and unavoidable.
  • Intentional violent wounds, e.g. B by slashing or firearms.
  • Burn or scald wounds.
  • Wounds caused by rough or sharp surfaces and objects.

Disease wounds are:

Diseases with this symptom

Diagnosis & History

Diagnosis and progression of the wound depend on the size and severity of the wound and whether an infection may be present. A wound can be recognized by the following symptoms: redness , pain , warmth, swelling and, as a result, functional limitations.

If it is a smaller, non-infected wound, it does not need to be treated. A healing can be expected in 6-8 days. However, if the wound turns blue or there is throbbing pain and a red streak ( blood poisoning ), a doctor should be consulted.

If the wound is larger and also dirty, infected, bleeding profusely or contains foreign bodies, the wound must be treated by a doctor. Such wounds are most often animal bites, lacerations. burns or bruises.


A wound can have a wide variety of complications, depending on where the wound is located on the body. For example, if it is an open flesh wound, such an injury must always be kept clean. Otherwise, complications such as severe inflammation and the formation of pus can occur.

Even with medical care, various complications and undesirable healing processes can occur. If there is a blood clotting disorder , the wound heals very poorly and bleeding occurs repeatedly. In such a case, taking appropriate medication is mandatory.

If there is a wound or injury to the head, complications such as concussions , nausea or severe dizziness can occur. If the head is shaken, there is also a risk of suffering from a cerebral hemorrhage, which can lead to death. In these cases, medical advice must of course be sought, otherwise there is a risk of serious consequential damage.

You can only prevent possible complications if you keep a wound clean and clean at all times. Inflammation can be treated with drugs such as antibiotics. In this way, frequently occurring complications can be prevented or treated effectively.

When should you go to the doctor?

A wound is not an independent clinical picture. It is usually achieved through external violence. Accordingly, a wound can have different degrees of severity, so that immediate medical treatment is not always necessary. Deep flesh wounds are the kind that definitely require medical and drug treatment. Flesh wounds cannot grow together on their own.

However, if you do not seek treatment from a doctor in such a case, you are exposing yourself to a great risk. If a wound does not heal, bacteria and viruses can nest in it. Under certain circumstances, this can lead to inflammation, which can lead to further complications. It is not uncommon for this to lead to an accumulation of pus, which of course also urgently requires medical attention. If there is no appropriate treatment at this point, there is even a risk of dangerous blood poisoning.

The following therefore applies: In the case of deep wounds, a doctor should be consulted immediately. In this way, inflammation and other complications can be avoided at an early stage. Minor wounds should heal completely on their own, as long as there is no blood clotting disorder. Treatment by a doctor or medication is not necessary.

Treatment & Therapy

Smaller wounds should first bleed during treatment, then be cleaned with disinfectant and then bandaged with a sterile bandage that is changed every 2-3 days. If a larger wound is to be treated, the wound must first be disinfected and, if necessary, foreign bodies removed, the wound must be X-rayed or treated with antibiotics and possibly sewn up promptly.

The wound should be kept still during the healing phase. In the treatment and optimal healing of the wounds, 4 phases occur:

Phase 1: In days 1-3, the typical symptoms (redness, pain, swelling and warmth) appear.

Phase 2: In days 4-7, the skin is slowly restored through so-called wound edges.

Phase 3: In days 8-12, connective tissue fibers are formed, which strengthen the skin again. The edges of the wound grow together.

Phase 4: From the 2-3 week, the skin is resilient again as before. The bigger the wound, the longer this can take.

If complications arise during treatment of the wound, it will take longer to heal. Causes of complications are e.g. B. Infections caused by soiling of the wound, existing blood disorders or diabetes .

Outlook & Forecast

It is very difficult to predict the course of disease or healing of a wound, since a wound can occur in a wide variety of degrees of severity. A simple injury to the top layers of skin is absolutely not a worrying clinical picture that must be examined or treated by a doctor. Even without appropriate medication, a faster healing process is likely to occur.

Nevertheless, the affected person should ensure that the wound remains protected from contamination. Otherwise, an infection can develop very quickly, which can cause inflammation . If such an inflammation remains without any medical and medicinal care, there is a risk of blood poisoning. If you do not want to take this risk, you should always have an inflammation treated by a doctor. With appropriate care, the prognosis of complete healing within a short period of time looks very good.

If the wound is very deep, it may even need stitches. A stitched wound usually heals completely within four to six weeks. However, if you do not undergo appropriate treatment at this point, you must expect considerable complications and a significantly longer healing time in such a case. In general, therefore, wounds of all kinds should be kept clean and tidy. This is the only way to guarantee a faster and smoother healing process.


To prevent wounds , pay special attention to your surroundings and avoid possible sources of danger. This includes accidents in particular. However, since wounds appear very quickly, care must be taken during self-treatment that no fatty products get into the wound.

These prevent healing and can trigger an infection. Greasy ointments may only be used to soften the edges of the wound scab. In the case of minor burns, the use of cod liver oil is recommended as a preventive measure. Superficial wounds can be treated with chamomile flowers/calendula tinctures.

You can do that yourself

A few home remedies and tricks can help with the initial treatment of a wound. Smaller wounds should first be rinsed out under cold water to prevent inflammation. Cuts can be stopped by placing a sterilized, hot cloth over the wound. Acute bleeding can be stopped by elevating the injured body part.

If the bleeding is severe, a pressure bandage should be applied and the wound rested. However, the wound must not be bandaged too tightly, as the skin needs fresh air to heal. Schnapps or another high-proof alcohol is also suitable for disinfecting the wound . Also, poultices with honey or aloe vera can be applied. To reduce scarring, the wound can then be rubbed daily with St. John’s wort oil. If possible, the scab should be protected with a plaster until it falls off on its own. If the wound heals badly, Peru balsam from the pharmacy can be usedbe applied.

Chamomile tea, common thyme and marigold ointment also have a healing effect . In addition, plenty of water should be drunk. Foods with lots of vitamins and proteins support the formation of skin cells and thus accelerate the healing process. Larger wounds that are painful or bleeding profusely should be treated promptly by a doctor.

Lisa Newlon
 | Website

Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.