Treatments & Therapies

Water aerobics – treatment, effects and risks

Water aerobics

Water is a medium that has always fascinated people, regardless of whether it is for swimming pleasure in their free time or for maintaining health and fitness. Water aerobics is many centuries old. The Greeks used water to reduce fever . Other cultures also attributed healing properties to the medium.

What is water aerobics?

Water aerobics is a special form of exercise with gymnastic exercises in chest-high, heated water, which many swimming pools offer. The modern form of classic water aerobics is called aqua fitness and trains the whole body with the support of the properties of water.

In contrast to classic water aerobics, aqua fitness guarantees a lot of fun for the participant. Courses such as aqua step, aqua jogging and others take place in swimming pools at water temperatures between 27 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius. The aim of the exercises is to train your condition, joints , muscles and tendons .

Although exercises are easier to do in the dry than in the water, water aerobics more than outweighs this disadvantage with many advantages. The exercises can be carried out in the swimming pool or by excellent swimmers in the lake or sea. The latter represents a challenge in terms of skills and coordination. Ideally, beginners are satisfied with the swimming pool.

Function, effect & goals

Water aerobics are suitable for almost everyone. Children and people who are unable to swim independently can do gymnastic exercises in the non-swimmer pool. Water aerobics is an excellent way to get back into sports for people who have given up on any sporting commitment for many years and have changed their mind for health reasons.Water aerobics are also suitable for babies, whose sense of balance and coordination of their eyes and hands can be trained in this way. Since many exercises have little impact on the human body, they are suitable for the elderly and people with joint diseases . Healthy people are able to increase fitness. Furthermore, with water aerobics they prevent many lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and obesity .

Overweight people are able to shed pounds with the right aqua aerobics (aqua aerobics can burn up to 400 calories in half an hour). Exercising in water is easy on the joints, since a person’s body weight is around 80 percent lower than in dry water. This relieves muscles and bones significantly.

However, aqua aerobics can be divided into conditional aqua aerobics in one’s free time under the guidance of a trainer and functional aqua aerobics that serve therapeutic purposes. The first form of water aerobics requires an adjustment phase, after a certain time the exercises can be carried out independently. Endurance, fitness, strength, coordination skills and mobility as well as all the muscles in the arms, legs, abdomen and neck can be trained in this way.

Functional water aerobics are carried out exclusively under the guidance of an experienced therapist and usually serve to restore the musculoskeletal system through slow movements in a circle. In contrast to functional water aerobics, conditional water aerobics uses the buoyancy in the water and the water resistance in a targeted manner in order to achieve optimal results. Basically, conditional water aerobics puts more strain on the organism than functional water aerobics and is mainly aimed at recreational and health athletes.

In conditional water aerobics, various aids such as swimming boards, pool noodles and special belts are used to achieve optimal training results. A special belt can increase or decrease buoyancy in the water.

To strengthen the side muscles of the back, the participant grabs both ends of a pool noodle behind the back, squeezes them firmly together, and then relaxes the grip. Ideally, arms and shoulders lie on the noodle and the body lies stretched out on the water surface. During the exercise, he rotates his hips alternately to the left and right. It is important to adapt the water aerobics exercises to the individual needs of the course participants. In addition, warming up at the edge of the pool is mandatory before training, since exercises in the water do not rule out injuries. Stretching the muscles and tendons after training is also a must.

Risks, side effects & dangers

Conditional water aerobics is basically suitable for people with cardiovascular diseases. The prerequisite is prior consultation with the doctor treating you. It is not suitable for people with cardiac insufficiency , severe cardiac arrhythmias or high blood pressure .In addition, people with chest pains that radiate to the left arm (angina pectoris attacks) are best off avoiding this type of exercise. Training in the water is not recommended for people with open wounds.

With conditional water aerobics, the participants complete a holistic training. You strengthen your entire musculoskeletal system and train your cardiovascular system . The exercises also train the sense of balance and stimulate concentration. Basically, the training effect is much higher than with comparable exercises in the dry. In many cases, pregnant women benefit from water aerobics in the conditional form. The exercises relax and relieve your body. The buoyancy of the water relieves the joints, the intervertebral discs and the trunk muscles and helps with weight problems caused by the higher weight during pregnancydevelop. Individually coordinated exercises in the water are less strenuous for pregnant women than exercises on land, they strengthen their muscles and stimulate their circulation.

They also provide the pregnant woman and the baby with better oxygen. The venous return can be boosted by the exercises, which reduces the likelihood of varicose veins developing . Cramps during pregnancy are relieved, the pelvic floor and uterus offer the baby more space because the exercises soften them. Conclusion: Water aerobics offer pregnant women just as much help as pregnancy exercises, if not more.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.