Symptoms

Warzen – Ursachen, Behandlung & Hilfe

Warts

Warts are mostly contagious but harmless skin diseases that occur in different forms and forms on the human body. Typical warts are slightly raised and differ in color from normal skin color. As with athlete’s foot , there is a risk of infection , especially through smear infections in swimming pools and showers.

What are warts?

The wart is a benign growth on the top layer of skin. It is clearly raised and sharply defined. Warts are usually small and can be virtually any color, from gray to brown to various shades of pink.

They appear on every imaginable part of the body. Warts are clearly visible on fingers and hands, but they also occur on feet, for example. Variants known as genital warts also occur in the genital and anal areas.

Causes

The most common cause of warts is human papillomavirus. These are viruses that hardly pose a greater threat to humans. They penetrate the top layer of skin via the smallest injuries to the skin and mucous membranes and initially nest there. It can take weeks or even months for the wart to form. Papillomaviruses are bound to humans, so they only damage them as much as is absolutely necessary for their own survival.

There are many sources of infection. Common warts or plantar warts can be contracted, for example, by swimming in a pool or by touching raw, infected sweat. In such cases, it is a smear infection. Genital warts, on the other hand, are transmitted through sexual intercourse. The viruses then spread when there are minimal injuries to the mucous membrane.

A special form of warts are age warts. These are brownish warts that can form anywhere on the body. In most cases, they are benign; rarely, they develop into a malignant tumor that has to be removed. They are special cases because their origin is not known and therefore no cause can be identified.

Diseases with this symptom

Complications

Warts can be caused by various pathogens and can be associated with various complications. When warts appear, local diseases of the skin such as abscesses or eczema can generally occur. These can be caused by an additional infection with bacteria, but they can also be triggered by a reaction of the immune system.

Pain and the formation of scars are also common complications in this context. A further complication is that warts can spread further from their place of origin on the skin and thus also spread the infection with the respective pathogen. Plantar warts, which mainly appear on the soles of the feet, can complicate a very deep and far-reaching growth into the skin tissue.

These warts are often painful when walking. Surgical removal can also cause inflammation, which is characterized by pain and reddening of the skin . Plantar warts tend to recur even if treatment is initially successful.

Genital warts or genital warts caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV) show a relatively high recurrence rate of around 30 percent despite treatment with medication or surgical methods. Certain types of human papilloma virus can also degenerate cells and contribute to the development of cervical cancer .

When should you go to the doctor?

Different types of warts can increase with age. In and of itself, this is not a reason to see a doctor. However, if you have plantar warts on your feet, you should see a doctor if they are causing you pain. Plantar warts can cause severe pain and increased callus formation due to the inward growth. Cornea intensifies the pressure pain. Self-treatment should only be undertaken in the early stages.

Whether warts actually go away simply by talking about them varies. This is often possible. However, there is no cure for senile warts. They are not contagious and are a natural occurrence. Age warts usually do not require treatment. If they are very bothersome or prone to watering, a dermatologist can surgically remove them. This also becomes necessary when a wart changes significantly over the years.

Genital warts in the anal or genital area should always be presented to a doctor. The problem with such types of warts is that they are transmissible. Therefore, medical education about treatment and protection options makes sense. It is also important to determine whether it is actually a wart. Wart-like growths are occasionally skin cancer. If a newly formed wart-shaped structure seems scary to a person, it is always advisable to see a doctor. The slightest suspicion of skin cancer requires immediate action.

Treatment & Therapy

Warts are treated primarily for aesthetic reasons. If the immune system is intact, they recede on their own after a few months. The viruses die off, the keratinized wart is ground off.

Often there is not even a visible change in the skin. However, the treatment can go much faster, and in some cases it is necessary.

Surgical removal is performed when the warts reach deep into the tissue or the immune system is too weak to fight them off. They are scraped out with a sharp spoon – this can cause considerable pain and heavy blood loss.

Freezing the wart or treating it with salicylic acid, for example, is much gentler. As a result, it gradually disappears as the viruses are killed. Virustatics that inhibit the proliferation of papillomaviruses and are also considered to be gentle also come into question.

↳ More information: Home remedies for warts

Outlook & Forecast

Warts are generally harmless. With treatment of the triggering virus, they usually go away on their own. However, depending on the virus and wart type, this can take weeks to months. In people with a weakened immune system , it sometimes takes a long time for the small skin growths to heal completely. As a study of school children and adolescents shows, after about two years about seventy percent of all those affected are free of warts again.

Even after that, however, there is a high recidivism rate. The viruses are usually still in the body and reappear on other parts of the skin. With non-surgical methods, the risk of recurrence is particularly high. Genital warts can also occur again and again and sometimes even develop into a chronic disease.

With vulgar warts, the prognosis is more positive. Corresponding growths are usually free of complications and do not need to be treated. After years, they usually recede on their own or can be removed quickly and reliably using typical treatment measures. The prognosis for warts is correspondingly positive and almost always promises a good course of the disease without major complications.

Prevention

In the group of warts , genital warts in particular can be effectively prevented. There is a vaccine against it – in a study, women were vaccinated with it, it offered all participants full protection against the pathogens.

Other forms of warts can also be prevented by following good hygiene practices. The risk cannot be completely avoided, but it can be contained. In swimming pools, for example, you should only walk in slippers, towels should not be shared. Even in public showers, the floor should not be touched directly. Ideally, touching other people’s pre-existing warts should also be avoided.

You can do that yourself

Warts do not necessarily require a doctor’s consultation. In most cases, the small growths can be removed with the help of home remedies and simple measures. Castor oil is considered an effective remedy. Applied daily to the affected area, the oil of the miracle tree softens the wart and eventually makes it disappear.

The juice of the celandine leaf , which is applied to the skin growths in the form of a cream, is similarly effective. Other herbal home remedies include Swedish bitters, propolis, spurge, tea tree oil and marigold ointment . A bandage with a piece of banana peel or onion is also suitable for external use. The skin growths can also be treated with lemon juice or soap, which should always be left on overnight.

Homeopathic remedies such as Causticum or Schuessler salts help with stalked warts on the fingers or nose . In addition, warts can also be iced. Cold sprays from the pharmacy are just as effective as ice-cold compresses from the freezer. Special wart plasters or wart tinctures also reliably remove most skin growths. If these measures do not have the desired effect, the warts should be treated by a dermatologist .

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.