Doctors & therapists

Urologist – Diagnosis, Treatment & Doctor Choice


urologist is the right contact person for anyone who suffers from problems or diseases of the urinary system. The urologist is also the right specialist on this subject for men who suffer from sexual problems.

What is a urologist?

The urologist is a specialist who primarily deals with diseases of the bladder, kidney, ureter and urethra. His area of ​​expertise also includes the detection and treatment of diseases of the male genitals, which include the penis, vas deferens, testicles and epididymis, seminal vesicles and prostate .

Urologists who primarily deal with diseases of the male genital organs or male fertility are referred to as andrologists. If you want to become a urologist, you first have to complete a medical degree. This is followed by further training to become a specialist in urology, which lasts five years and allows the doctor to call himself a urologist.


urologist covers a relatively wide range of treatments. For example, he carries out preliminary examinations for cancer of the prostate or testicles . A urologist also checks the kidneys, bladder and ureter system for possible malignant changes.In addition, the range of treatments offered by a urologist also includes examinations for diseases such as inflammation of the bladder, kidneys or prostate. A sub-area of ​​urology is pediatric urology, in which the urologist deals with typical problems of childhood and adolescence.

These include, for example , undescended testicles , narrowing of the foreskin or long-term wetting . When a urologist specializes in andrology, he primarily deals with hormonal, fertility and erectile problems in men, as well as problems with the desire to have children.

The urologist is familiar with and treats, for example, premature ejaculation, fertility problems, erectile dysfunction and hormonal diseases. However, a urologist is not only responsible for men, but also for women if there are problems with the kidneys and bladder. A urologist is also the right contact person for incontinence problems.

Diagnostic & examination methods

If a patient is being treated by a urologist , the methods for making a diagnosis are primarily based on the patient’s symptoms. A wide range of different methods is available to the urologist. He can detect inflammation parameters and tumor markers through a laboratory examination of the urine.

Changes such as urinary or kidney stones also leave signs in the urine. A laboratory blood test can be helpful for many diagnoses – the blood count provides information about tumor markers, signs of inflammation or functional disorders of the organs. An important tool used by the urologist is the ultrasound examination . With their help, he can look at the structures of the kidneys, bladder, testicles and penis and identify any abnormalities that may be present.

A palpation examination is also one of the methods used by a urologist to detect changes in the uro-genital area. A palpation examination is essential, especially when examining the prostate.

X-rays give the urologist information about possible kidney problems. In the case of fertility problems, the urologist carries out a hormonal analysis of the blood as well as a spermiogram. This means that he checks the composition of the ejaculate for sperm count, quantity, consistency and other parameters. The results of the examinations are then discussed in a detailed consultation with the urologist.

What should the patient pay attention to?

If you want or have to see a urologist , you need a referral from your general practitioner as a statutory health insurance patient , who can usually recommend a suitable colleague.In addition, the experiences of acquaintances can be helpful in finding out which urologist enjoys a good reputation. Ultimately, however, it is essential to get to know the urologist and to check whether a relationship of trust can develop between doctor and patient.

For men who have problems with fertility or sexual disorders, it is recommended to consult an andrologist, who has his main area of ​​responsibility in this area. Some urologists also work directly with a fertility clinic. The equipment in the practice, such as X-ray equipment or the possibility of a spermiogram, differs depending on the focus of the urologist.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.