The right skin care in summer – Encyclopedia for Medicine & Health

The right skin care in summer

Most people underestimate the power of the sun. As soon as the first warm rays reach the earth, many storm out to sunbathe, lightly dressed. Few are aware of the danger posed by UVA and UVB radiation. It is therefore of fundamental importance to find the best possible protection for your own skin type and the appropriate skin care for the summer time .

Which skin type needs which sunscreen?

Finding the right care cream for you in summer is not always easy. Dermatology distinguishes between four skin types:

  • Skin type I is characterized by very pale skin, light eyes, red or blond hair and often freckles. The self-protection time of this skin type is a maximum of five to ten minutes, so a sun protection factor of 40 or 50+ is recommended.
  • People with skin type II have blond hair, blue or green eyes and also fair skin. You can stay in the sun without protection for around ten to twenty minutes without any symptoms, so a sun protection factor of 25 to 40 is sufficient.
  • People with gray or brown eyes, brown hair and a medium complexion belong to skin type III, whose self-protection time is already 20 to 30 minutes. A sun protection factor of 25 is completely sufficient here, but lower values ​​may also suffice. The person concerned must find this out for themselves and decide.
  • Creams with a sun protection factor between 10 and 20 are recommended for skin type IV, as they have black hair and dark brown eyes and naturally dark skin. As a result, the natural sun protection is also greatest for this skin type; he can stay in the sunlight for up to 40 minutes without protection.

Avoid midday heat

The sun shines at its strongest during midday, which not only manifests itself in unbearable heat, but above all in an extremely increased risk of sunburn or sunstroke . In order to avoid this danger, it is advisable to stay indoors between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. if possible or at least in the shade – with lotion on, of course. This means that up to 75 percent of harmful UVB radiation can be avoided.

wear protective clothing

Ultraviolet radiation is able to penetrate textiles. It is therefore important to also apply sunscreen to areas covered by clothing and to wear suitable protective clothing if necessary. Similar to sun creams, this has a value that provides information about the factor by which a person can be exposed to sunlight for longer.

While the sun protection factor for sun creams is usually a maximum of 50, UV protection factors of up to 80 can be achieved with appropriate clothing. This additional measure is particularly recommended for sensitive skin types I and II.

breaks for the skin

Contrary to the belief that regular application of cream increases the time spent in the sun, the self-protection time extended by the sun protection factor actually applies once for the entire day. If the skin comes into contact with water, sand or sweat, it is still necessary to apply cream several times on the same day in order to restore protection.

However, anyone who applies sunscreen with SPF 20 twice a day will not be able to stay in the sun twice as long. It is therefore necessary to give the skin regular breaks in the shade or indoors. The maximum length of stay should never be fully exhausted; especially not in one piece.

Be careful with perfume

Certain substances trigger so-called phototoxic reactions on the skin when they come into contact with sunlight, which lead to symptoms similar to sunburn, such as itching or burns . These include, above all, the furocoumarins contained in plants. Since perfumes are often mixed with such or similar plant substances, spraying before sunbathing should be avoided in any case. Such poisoning of the skin can cause not only burns, but also allergies or, in the worst case, even cancer .

Attention skin cancer: examine the skin regularly

However, this can already be triggered by the ultraviolet radiation alone, i.e. without an additional phototoxic reaction. To prevent this, it is important to visit a dermatologist regularly. Even small abnormalities in the skin’s appearance should be taken seriously, because even inconspicuous marks can already be a preliminary stage of skin cancer.

Drinking a lot helps prevent dehydration

In order to protect the skin from drying out from the inside as well, it is essential that the body is adequately hydrated. Because the largest human organ is about 80 percent water and stores about a third of all fluid in the body, dehydration from exposure to sunlight and excessive sweating is particularly dangerous.

However, oral water intake stimulates the entire metabolism of the skin after just ten minutes, supplies it with oxygen and improves blood circulation. This keeps it taut and fresh. For optimal support of the skin, an intake of at least 1.5 to 2 liters of liquid per day is necessary.

Sensitive skin needs special care

Preventive sun protection is often insufficient for people with particularly sensitive skin. As a result, they often have to use special “after sun” creams that cool and relax the skin after sunbathing. But a cold shower, quark or yoghurt also naturally relieve irritation and inflammation in sensitive skin.

It is also advisable not to use fragrances, as they put additional strain on the skin. Anyone who tends to have dry skin should avoid excessive contact with water and soap and use moisturizing washing lotions and creams with natural ingredients.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.