Medicinal plants

Small burnet – application & treatment for health

Small burnet

The small meadow button with the Latin name Sanguisorba minor is a widespread plant from the rose family and can often be found in domestic gardens as an ornamental plant. This type of plant is perennial, i.e. perennial, very robust and grows up to one meter tall. The stems have leaves arranged in a rosette.

Occurrence & cultivation of the small burnet

The leaf stalks of the small burnet show several pairs with ovate to elliptical pinnate leaves. These often reach a size of about two centimeters and have a maximum of nine spikes. The flowers of the plant have the shape of a spherical head that can reach a size of up to three centimeters in diameter and have a green to red colored calyx. At the head of the plant are the reddish brush-like stigmas with the hermaphrodite inflorescences underneath.

At the bottom are the finally maturing male inflorescences, which have long stalked and hanging anthers. The so-called fruit cup, the cupula, has the shape of a wrinkled net and also has jagged ridges. The small burnet is a sub-Mediterranean plant and is originally found mainly in central and southern Europe. However, the plant is now spreading from northern Scandinavia to southern North Africa and Asia.

The small burnet inhabits all altitudes of the lowlands as well as mountains up to a height of over 1000 meters. This type of plant thrives particularly well in sunny and dry areas and prefers limestone and clay soil. The small burnet loves warmth and has proven to be extremely robust against all environmental influences. But even cooler conditions don’t bother the adaptable plant.

Effect & Application

The small burnet has been used as a medicinal plant for a very long time. The plant promises healing and relief from wound healing and bleeding . It belongs to the rose family and is nowadays only considered with regard to alternative and natural medicine. Since the small burnet is very widespread, it is also very popular as an ornamental plant in domestic gardens. The plant works in different ways.

The substances of the burnet mainly have an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, diuretic, styptic and astringent effect. Because of these properties, the small burnet is used in alternative medicine as a wound healing agent, anti- inflammatory and styptic. Furthermore, the plant can be used against diarrhea , flatulence and spring tiredness. The people of antiquity and the Middle Ages were already familiar with the burnet.

It can be found in numerous old herbal books. However, it has never been fully clarified which of the many subspecies it was. The Italian doctor and botanist Matthioli wrote a herbal book in the 16th century in which he titled the burnet “Herrgottsbärtlen”. Already during this time the haemostatic and healing effect on wounds of all kinds was known. In remote provinces of Russia and southern China, the plant is still used in this way today.

The small burnet can be made into a tea or given pure. The latter is mainly used to stop bleeding, sometimes in combination with other medicinal plants. The fresh leaves of the plant also promise a soothing effect on heartburn . The herbal tea is used for throat and throat infections . However, only the herb itself is used. The small burnet is also one of the remedies of traditional Chinese medicine .

Here the plant is used, for example, for bleeding from hemorrhoids or bloody diarrhea. In traditional Chinese medicine, the connection between the large intestine and the liver is seen as relating to the human organs. Some medical studies analyze positive effects on malignant tumors , although there is no definitive proof here. However, laboratory tests have already shown that the root extracts of the burnet have substances that kill cancer cells . These substances are the so-called polysaccharides .

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

The small burnet is occasionally offered as an ornamental plant in some large garden stores. Due to its filigree simplicity and timeless grace, it is very popular with hobby gardeners. It can also be found fresh in regional markets such as in the state of Hesse. The reference here is to the “Frankfurter green sauce”, which is very popular there, for which the small burnet is used as an herb.

However, it is not necessary to travel all the way to Hesse to get the small burnet as an herb. Online trading offers numerous opportunities to buy this special ingredient. Here there are mainly young plants that can easily be cultivated in the garden or in pots. The plants are then priced between two and four euros per piece. However, dried and cut goods are also available for use as a medicinal plant.

The healing effect of the small burnet is remarkable and should still be popular in alternative medicine today. But the small burnet is also ideal for use in the kitchen and food sector or as an ornamental plant for your own garden. Incidentally, it can often be found under the name “Pimpinelle”.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.