Anatomy & Organs

Sinus rectus – structure, function & diseases

Straight sinus

The straight sinus is a blood conduit of the human brain . It runs at the back of the head. Venous blood flows in it.

What is the straight sinus?

The human brain is supplied by different blood vessels. They consist of arteries , veins and sinus durae matris. Various messenger substances , cells or even blood plasma are transported in them. They supply and activate the different areas of the brain. At the same time, they also transport cerebrospinal fluid away.

They are all assigned to the central nervous system . Venous blood flows in the veins and sinus durae matris. There are different veins that run their course on the superficial or in deeper layers of tissue. The straight sinus is one of the most important blood vessels of the sinus durae matris. It flows along the occipital base of the skull along with the transverse and sigmoid sinuses . Other important blood vessels are the superior and inferior sagittal sinus and the cavernous sinus. One of the most important diseases is sinus thrombosis. A clot forms in the bloodstream, which can lead to blood congestion and ultimately life-threatening conditions.

Anatomy & Structure

There are different deep veins in the human brain. They drain the blood in the diencephalon . They include the vena basalis and the vena interna cerebri. With their branches they supply areas of the basal ganglia , the hypothalamus and the midbrain .

The venae basales and the venae internae cerebri on both sides of the brain finally unite to form the vena magna cerebri. This has a short dorsal course. It flows in the direction of the back and ends there in the straight sinus. At the same time, the inferior saittales sinus ends in the rectus sinus. This previously runs along the lower edge of the falx cerebri . This is the crescent of the brain, which is surrounded by a hard membrane called the dura mater encephali.

The straight sinus continues to the confluens sinuum at the back of the skull. There it flows together with the superior sagittal sinus. This runs along the upper edge of the falx cerebri. The transverse sinus is directed to the left and right of the confluens sinuum. It frames the posterior fossa of the skull.

Function & Tasks

Together with other blood vessels, the straight sinus supplies the brain areas of the occipital area. It drains the surrounding tissue and supplies other deeper veins. He is responsible for the supply of large parts of the back of the head with venous blood . Vital substances are transported with the blood. They include protein-rich blood plasma, hormones , cells or oxygen.

In a few seconds or minutes, these can travel through the various blood vessels from one place to another and unfold their effect there. In particular, transmitters are carried to their respective receptors via the bloodstream. In this way, the individual functions of organs can be activated or even regulated. In addition, cerebrospinal fluid is removed via the rectus sinus. This forms in the various brain ventricles and the spaces between the brain. The cerebrospinal fluid is called cerebrospinal fluid and is excreted through the bladder.

The straight sinus takes over the function of temperature regulation in the brain. In order for the brain areas to be able to pursue their activity, they need optimal warmth. Inside the human organism there is a temperature of about 37 degrees. The heat is retained in the body via the blood. If the temperature rises or falls sharply, the organism tries to compensate for this through the entire bloodstream. The venous blood in the rectus sinus is often used for blood sampling during medical interventions for control purposes. At the same time, it serves to supply medicines or various messenger substances that are intended to improve health. This is also done in one operation.

Diseases

The blood vessels in the brain are well protected by the base of the skull . However, if the vessel wall is damaged as a result of accidents, falls or surgical interventions, blood leaks out and is difficult to stop.

The bleeding leads to brain swelling and tissue displacement. The pressure inside the brain increases. Headaches , symptoms of loss of affected areas, psychomotor slowdown or disturbances of consciousness occur . In severe cases, loss of consciousness can also occur. Blood congestion in the straight sinus is particularly dangerous. It can be caused by a blood clot and is called sinus thrombosis. Blood congestion causes brain cells to die.

Many patients suffer permanent damage such as paralysis or speech disorders . It can lead to a stroke or stroke, which in some cases is fatal. In the case of spontaneously occurring feelings of tension in the head, hurry is required. A doctor should be consulted immediately. Important messenger substances are transported to a site of action via the blood and also discharged. If a tumor develops in the human organism, there is a risk that tumor cells could become detached.

These are then transported to other parts of the human body via the various blood vessels. It is therefore possible that the straight sinus becomes such a blood conductor and contributes to the formation of new metastases in an existing tumor disease . This would spread cancer further and reduce the overall chances of recovery. The spread of viral or bacterial diseases are also given. The viruses or bacteria reach other parts of the body via the blood , where they can continue to multiply and worsen the state of health.

Lisa Newlon
 | Website

Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.