Body processes

Shock – Function, Abandonment & Diseases


Shock is a harmful process in the human body. This is capable of being life-threatening and can come in a variety of forms. The basis is the undersupply of the organism with oxygen due to differentiated causes.

What is a shock

A shock causes the blood to circulate in small vessels no longer properly. Instead it is reduced. However , the red blood cells are responsible for bringing oxygen to the cells . If there is a lack of supply, the tissue can no longer work properly.

An undersupply is followed by disturbances in the metabolism . Accordingly, when a shock occurs, rapid action is required. Those affected should be placed in medical shelter within a short window of time.

The causes include, for example, bacterial infections , shock and anxiety situations , allergic reactions or heavy blood loss.

The shock manifests itself in pale, cool skin, cold sweat, accelerated breathing , freezing and mental symptoms such as anxiety, restlessness and confusion . These can also lead to unclear statements by the person. The further the lack of oxygen progresses, the clearer the symptoms usually become. As the disease progresses, those affected may lose consciousness .

function & task

The severity of each type of shock is based on the underlying cause. All shock types share some common symptoms. These include, for example, a drop in blood pressure , which is responsible for the release of adrenaline . Adrenaline, in turn, causes an increase in heart rate and narrowing of arterioles .

In this way, the body is able to keep the blood pressure stable for the time being. The body ensures that the blood flows more through the brain and heart , so regulation takes place through redistribution.

If the oxygen deficiency persists, the number of acidic metabolites increases. This leads to an increase in volume depletion because the tissue loses fluid. The blood pressure continues to drop and the arterial blood vessels lose tension.

The blood accumulates in the arteries , blood clots can form. These are also known as microthrombi. If they become detached from the blood vessels, they are able to clog other veins and prevent the supply of oxygen.

In this way, multi- organ failure can be triggered by a shock . The kidneys stop working, which means that urine is no longer produced , the reduced blood supply to the heart leads to heart failure, embolisms can be found in the lungs , and the development of pulmonary edema cannot be ruled out. Multiorgan failure often ends fatally.

However, there are different forms of shock. These include, for example, the hypovolemic. This occurs due to the high blood loss that occurs with severe injuries . In the different stages, the blood pressure continues to drop. Cardiogenic shock is triggered by heart failure . Heart attacks or heart muscle inflammation are possible. Anaphylactic shock is caused by a very strong allergic reaction, such as a wasp sting. While the blood pressure falls, the heart rate increases, respiratory and circulatory arrest can occur. an inflammationcan be the basis of septic shock. The inflammation is carried on through the bloodstream , resulting in blood poisoning . If the inflammation has not been treated for a long period of time, it can affect the entire organism.

Diseases & Ailments

Depending on the type of shock, different complications can occur. One of these is a blood clot. If the thrombus detaches from its original position and migrates through the organism, it can clog various vessels.

Pulmonary embolism often occurs . An embolism is similar to a heart attack. Here, however, the veins are affected. However, an embolism is a life-threatening condition.

If patients are not treated promptly, the disease often ends in death. If, on the other hand, the symptoms can be treated successfully, further therapy is necessary for the rest of your life. This includes, for example, wearing compression stockings. This is to prevent the formation of a new thrombosis.

As the shock progresses, the undersupply of blood also affects the heart. This no longer receives sufficient oxygen and ceases to function. The reduced pumping capacity in turn ensures that less blood is pumped through the body. Heart failure can initially affect just one side of the heart or both. As a rule, however, bilateral heart failure is less likely to be diagnosed.

The therapy is based on various factors. In the case of multi-organ failure, which also affects the heart, the treatment approaches may no longer be sufficient.

Shock can also be responsible for pulmonary edema . This is the accumulation of water in the lungs. Symptoms such as coughing and restlessness appear , but also shortness of breath and rattling breath.

The lack of oxygen can cause cyanosis , which causes the lips and mucous membranes to turn bluish. Pulmonary edema can lead to lung failure. In the last stage of lung insufficiency, both the blood flow through the organ and the transfer of oxygen into the blood are disturbed. Acute lung failure is one of the most common causes of death resulting from shock.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.