Medical devices

Running Shoes – Application & Health Benefits

Running shoes

running shoe supports the stability and cushioning of the rolling movement of the foot during running thanks to a special composition . It should act as health protection and ensure comfort. The running shoe is also worn in attractive designs as a casual, sporty leisure shoe.

What is a running shoe?

The running shoe is a needs-based sports shoe designed to ensure that the foot is guided and supported as comfortably as possible, especially in the rolling phase.

The sports shoe is therefore made to suit a wide variety of running disciplines and ground conditions. In particular, the sensitive heel area of ​​the foot is protected by special padding and materials. In addition, various structural changes and additions to running shoes compensate for foot malpositions (e.g. flat feet ) or overweight .

Criteria when choosing the right running shoe are also the external conditions. This includes weather conditions such as rain or snow. The nature of the floor also represents a difference in load that needs to be compensated. While, for example, a forest floor can act as a helpful cushioning support, asphalt or concrete floors pose a problem for possible stress on joints and tendons . Running shoes should therefore be selected according to the occasion.

Special features of the body weight , the feet and the planned frequency of use must be taken into account. Running shoes can therefore be understood to mean competition shoes, jogging shoes, trail shoes or casual shoes.

Shapes, Species & Types

Various designs are offered as running shoes, which differ in shape, material, design and type. The basic standard of a running shoe should support the natural rolling movement during normal running behavior and be comfortable to wear.

In addition to the stability function, the weight of the running shoe also plays a role. Running shoes, which are primarily assigned to the lightness category, are characterized by a very low weight and a flat structure. Grippy outsoles and special toe boxes as well as a solid upper and rain-resistant membranes are part of the equipment profile for open terrain. Natural Running running shoes ensure the most natural running sensation possible thanks to their light, flat, flexible and breathable product style. This guy comes closest to walking barefoot.

Leading manufacturers of running shoes, such as Nike, Asics, Adidas or Puma, use innovative technologies to produce numerous high-quality sports shoes for the huge running shoe market. The various running disciplines, ground conditions and personal requirements of the runners as well as the changing design requirements are taken into account.

Structure & functionality

The ankle and heel must be optimally protected when running when the foot hits the ground with around six times your body weight. The protective function of a running shoe comes into play in several ways. On the inside of the shoe, a support is embedded in the midsole.

In addition to the support function at this point, the damping properties of the running shoe are intended to reduce the energy that occurs during impact. For this purpose, the manufacturers of branded shoes have developed different cushioning systems. One technique is to reduce the severity of the impact by placing a silicone pad in the rear foot area at the center of impact. Silicone pads with higher elasticity in the front foot area have a supporting effect. An alternative to the same goal by another well-known running shoe manufacturer is cushioning using foam and gas-filled plastic casings. In addition, some manufacturers also use different gel versions.

The material and shape of soles and midsoles should have a beneficial effect on surefootedness and optimal locomotion as well as durability and comfort. The outsole profile and the rubber compound used are parameters that determine the quality of the outsole.

The weight range of the intended users determines the firmness level of the midsole. Individual needs of the runner can make it necessary to replace the manufacturer’s insole with an orthopedic insole . In the construction of Natural Running running shoes, the cushioning and stabilizing elements are neglected in accordance with the type.

In view of the different designs of running shoes and different needs, professional advice should be given before buying running shoes. A treadmill analysis can be used as a selection aid to determine the exact personal requirements .

Medical & health benefits

Running is an endurance sport with positive health effects . Appropriate running shoes are an important prerequisite for healthy running. First of all, the sports shoe has to fit. If the shoe is too large, this can result in insufficient support. Shoes that are too small will press uncomfortably on the foot. The wrong shoe size can also lead to blisters or problems with the Achilles tendon . As a rule, the running shoe should be a half to a whole number larger than the normal shoe.

A lack of lateral support can lead to the foot tipping away when running, causing pain in the knee . In extreme cases, the ankle can also twist painfully.

A lack of grip in the sole profile can, depending on the weather and ground conditions, lead to slipping and falls. Shoes that are too worn lose their protective functionality. If training is carried out regularly, the running shoes should be exchanged for new ones every year. Ideally, at least two pairs of running shoes should be available for constant use, because the shoes show deformations after a running training session. Reverting to the previous form takes some time. During this time, other running shoes can be used. The longer the term, the more important it is to use running shoes correctly. If you start jogging slowly, you don’t need complete running shoe equipment right from the start.

Anyone who defies wind and weather while running and is not afraid of heavy rain should buy special running shoes with moisture protection. Inadequate cushioning and poor support can lead to discomfort and damage to ligaments , tendons, and joints. The knee joint is often affected. Damage to the meniscus is not uncommon , especially if the cushioning is insufficient and the body weight is increased at the same time . The hips are often affected by the symptoms that occur .

If an ankle is already unstable, special protective measures must be taken by selecting special running shoes. Unrecognized foot malpositions or the wrong running shoes can also cause heel spurs over a longer period of time . This means a painful inflammation of the thorn-shaped outgrowth of the heel. Orthopedic insoles for running shoes can counteract this problem.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.