Medicinal plants

Roman Chamomile – Application & Treatment for Health

Roman chamomile

Chamomile is the best-known European medicinal plant. The two most important chamomile herbs are real chamomile and Roman chamomile. The two varieties of Roman chamomile are unfilled and filled Roman chamomile .

Occurrence and cultivation of Roman chamomile

Feverfew is also known as Roman chamomile , but it is in a different botanical family. Of all types of chamomile, Roman chamomile has the highest proportion of essential oils and bitter substances. However, the healing effect is almost identical to that of real chamomile. The flower heads of the filled Roman chamomile are used in phytotherapy .

Roman chamomile is a botanical member of the daisy family, Asteraceae . Roman chamomile is also popularly known as a shirt button , arm sleeve , Kathrein flower or cow’s milk . The collection time for the chamomile blossoms extends over the months of July, August, September and October.

Chamomile was already known to the ancient Egyptians as a medicinal plant, dedicated to the sun god Ra. Roman chamomile has always been popular as an important and highly effective medicinal plant in European culture. The documentation that has been handed down in writing took place in Europe in London beginning in the 16th century, where chamomile was a widespread weed.

Not only does Roman chamomile have a solid reputation as a medicinal plant in both human and veterinary medicine, but it also has the potential to heal other diseased plants. This phenomenon can be observed when Roman chamomile is placed directly next to the diseased plants.

Effect & Application

In phytotherapy, the valuable essential chamomile oil is extracted from the flowers using steam distillation. Roman chamomile is also used in homeopathy . For this purpose, an alcoholic mother tincture is made from the herb of the unfilled Roman chamomile and then potentised. Roman chamomile is particularly effective for flatulence , cramps , stomach problems and menstrual disorders .

The mode of action is very extensive due to the high content of pharmacological substances. In particular, the antibacterial, anticonvulsant, calming, pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects of the medicinal plant are scientifically documented. In children, chamomile has a mood-enhancing effect and against cramping, colicky abdominal pain . Another indication that has been forgotten is the comprehensive antiparasitic effect of Roman chamomile.

Dogs and cats often instinctively eat Roman chamomile flowers when their intestines are infested with worms in order to worm them naturally. The most important pharmacological ingredients are angelic acid ester, antheocotulid, essential oils in high concentration, azulene, bitter substances, chamazulene, flavone glycosides, resins, isobutyric acid, nobilin, pinocarvone and polyacetylene.

The essential oils in particular are responsible for the typical, pleasantly sweet smell of chamomile blossoms. The flowers and sometimes the herb can be used fresh or dried. An application of the completely non-toxic plant is considered strictly low-risk. Nevertheless, prolonged use can cause dizziness , nervousness and allergic reactions in sensitive people .

Roman chamomile should not be used if you have a proven allergy to daisy family, or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. The possible applications are extremely versatile. The most common use of the flowers is to infuse tea. Rinsing of the skin and mucous membranes, compresses, facial steam baths, liniments, hip baths, inhalations or aromatherapy are other widespread uses.

The fruity scent of the real essential chamomile oil has a soothing, balancing and stress-reducing effect. In hair care, a hair tonic can be made from the chamomile blossoms and used to gently lighten blonde hair.

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

Due to its ubiquitous healing effect, all types of chamomile, but especially Roman chamomile, are still of great importance for health and for prevention and treatment. The flowers of the medicinal plant, Chamomillae romanae flos, should be harvested in the early morning hours, as this is when the essential oil content is highest. If the harvested flowers are not processed immediately, they can also be dried.

This process is best done in the shade at a temperature below 40 degrees Celsius to prevent the essential oils from escaping unintentionally. Dried chamomile flowers have a shelf life of about one year when stored in a dry and cool place. After this storage period, the content of essential oils and thus the healing effect decreases significantly. To harvest, the herb should be cut about 5 centimeters above the ground so that the remaining part of the plant does not dry up.

If you harvest chamomile frequently, you should work with gloves, because high topical concentrations of active ingredients can lead to dermatitis. Chamomile tea can be used for prevention and therapy. For this purpose, 1 to 2 teaspoons of the fresh or dried drug are poured over about 250 milliliters of boiling water. The water used should be as soft as possible, i.e. low in lime. After a brewing time of 10 minutes, up to 3 cups a day can be drunk lukewarm.

With daily use, the maximum duration of therapy is 3 weeks. After that, you should take a break. Chamomile tea helps in particular with digestive problems , insomnia and nervousness. The tea can also be used to gargle with inflammation of the mucous membranes in the mouth or throat. Poultices with Roman chamomile flowers promote wound healing , dried parts of the plant should be used for this purpose.

With fresh parts of the plant, unwanted skin reactions could occur. Roman chamomile is also often included in creams or ointments, for example a zinc chamomile cream has proven to be ideal for skin problems.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.