Symptoms

Red spots on the face – causes, treatment

Red spots on the face

The formation of red spots on the face occurs in particular after eating certain foods. It can also be seen as a reaction to stress or warmth. However, the causes are usually hidden deep in the organism.

What are red spots on the face?

The disease involves discoloration of the skin on the face. The parts of the cheeks, forehead and chin are regularly affected by reddish spots. In rarer cases, however, the optical blemish extends to the entire face and only omits smaller areas around the eyes. Adults can be affected as well as children. Accumulation is also more common at a young age.

Here a weakness of the immune system would be considered. Depending on the cause, the redness is accompanied by other symptoms. This can include increasing itching , the development of pimples and pustules or the formation of scars . However, the diagnosis often proves to be difficult, since several diseases that are deeply rooted in the organism are considered to be the triggers.

The discoloration is not contagious in this respect and should subside naturally after a few hours – at most after three to five days – even without treatment. A doctor should only be consulted in the case of longer-lasting or more frequently recurring symptoms.

causes

The causes of staining can vary. On the one hand, a form of intolerance to food or external and internal influences such as heat and stress can be considered. In this case, the skin on the face reacts as an excretory organ that secretes toxins or waste products.

These initially accumulate under the skin and form reddish pimples. The discoloration could also be evaluated as a direct reaction to incompatible substances. They occur particularly frequently with histamine or fructose intolerance . The body defends itself against the products administered to it. In some situations, the colored dots form after eating acidic fruit such as strawberries or oranges.

On the other hand, in addition to the symptoms of intolerance, a general weakness of the immune system must also be regarded as the second major cause. Complications such as rheumatism , arthritis or neurodermatitis can be observed regularly. The points on the facial skin could therefore also represent eczema . These are often genetic defects in the organism.

diseases with this symptom

Diagnosis & History

The course of the individual symptoms also depends on the causative disease. A normal allergic reaction should subside within a few days provided the intolerable product is not continued to be consumed. Consequently, relatively quick successes are achieved here, which can be supported by appropriate preparations.

The situation is somewhat different when it comes to the fundamental weakening of the immune system. If eczema has spread to the face, it can remain there for a few days or even weeks. In the further course, an increasing itching would have to be expected. Some of the points tend to sore. If they are opened by the person concerned scratching or by aggressive cleaning and cosmetic products, scars can also form.

A scabby crust must also be expected as part of the decay. However, it symbolizes the healing process and should therefore not be removed. For a more precise diagnosis in both cases – both in the case of intolerance and neurodermatitis – a specialist should be consulted.

complications

Red spots on the face have different causes and these have different complications. Redness can typically occur due to the infectious disease scarlet fever. Treated scarlet fever usually heals without further consequences. If left untreated, the disease can spread to various organs, causing, for example, an inflammation of the middle ear or paranasal sinuses (otitis media or sinusitis).

Abscesses in joints, lungs or even in the brain are also conceivable. A rare but feared complication is the formation of streptococci toxins, which can then trigger a shock ( toxic shock syndrome ). Antibodies against the pathogens that can attack the body’s own organs can also rarely form.

This can lead to complications such as inflammation of the kidney corpuscles ( glomerulonephritis ), which in the worst case can end in kidney failure, or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever affects the joints and heart. Furthermore, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can also cause the red spots on the face.

In some cases, this autoimmune disease can spread to the brain, resulting in paralysis or epileptic seizures. Destruction of the kidney tissue is also conceivable. In addition, an allergy can also redden the face due to the release of histamine. In addition to swelling of the airways and the threat of suffocation, an allergen can lead to anaphylactic shock .

When should you go to the doctor?

In many cases, the red spots on the face are only temporary and disappear on their own. In this case, no treatment by a doctor is necessary. The spots on the face often appear as a result of an allergy or intolerance. After a short time, however, the red spots disappear again when the body has broken down the respective ingredients. There is no need to see a doctor if there are no other symptoms. However, if the person concerned also complains of pain or dizziness, a doctor should be consulted in the event of an allergic reaction. The same applies to severe allergic reactions or shock with severe swelling.

If the stains occur due to intolerance to a cosmetic product, no treatment is necessary in the first place either. Most of the time, the spots will disappear on their own after a short time and do not need to be treated. However, if the spots appear over a long period of time or without a specific reason, it is advisable to consult a doctor. This may be another underlying condition that needs to be evaluated and treated.

Treatment & Therapy

In both courses of the disease, an internal and an external therapy is aimed at at the same time. The inner healing is more fundamental, but is therefore also associated with a cure lasting several months or even years. The aim here is to strengthen the immune system. The first step is usually a cleansing of the intestinal flora, in which mainly benign bacteria should subsequently settle.

In this way, the organism can process the food given to it better and more effectively. The undesired elimination processes that are carried out through the skin therefore only rarely take place or do not occur at all. At the same time, the immune system is strengthened in this way and can therefore better deal with other influences such as stress in the future. The functions of the organs regulate themselves. The body works normally and as desired.

The symptoms subside as the condition improves. A second form of internal therapy, on the other hand, aims for quick success. Here, hypersensitization of the body is usually carried out over a limited period of time. The intolerable substance is introduced into the organism through tablets or injections. The corresponding antibodies for defense are now formed there. If this plan does not succeed either, suppressive drugs can at least introduce a temporary improvement in the situation, since acute flare-ups of spotting are inhibited.

On the other hand, there is the external application. With her, basic creams, lotions or soaps are usually applied to the skin, which do not aggressively treat the already irritated face. Rather, they ensure the restoration of a healthy pH value there. Cortisone-containing ointments can also cause the spotting and itching to subside.

Outlook & Forecast

As a rule, the red spots on the face appear when there is an intolerance or an allergic reaction to a certain food or ingredient. They then disappear again when the body has completely broken down this ingredient, which can take several days.

The red spots on the face are usually an unpleasant appearance for the patient. If the spots last longer, a doctor must be consulted in any case. If left untreated, pimples will appear on the spots, and it is not uncommon for these spots to cause itching and pain .

Treatment usually takes place with either creams, ointments or medication. No surgical intervention is planned. The stains can usually be removed relatively quickly and easily.

In severe cases, the red spots on the face are a symptom of an infection in the ear or nose. This also needs to be treated by a doctor. Without treatment, such inflammation can spread and affect other regions.

prevention

Preventing staining is not always easy. For this it would be necessary to recognize the actual suffering as the trigger and to treat it accordingly. In addition, however, those affected are also required to adapt their everyday life to the disease. If he has an intolerance to certain foods, then these must be strictly avoided.

A diet based on well-tolerated types of fruit, vegetables and grains would be advisable. It is also advisable to eliminate all other disruptive factors. The mental aspects in particular play an important role here.

You can do that yourself

Red spots on the face are not always a sign of illness. After physical exertion, red spots are quite normal. They go back by themselves. If they are permanently visible, heart disease could be behind them. In this case, a doctor’s visit is necessary.

Many sensitive people show red spots when they are stressed . If this happens during a job interview, for example, it is very uncomfortable for those affected. The stress increases and the spots become stronger. As soon as the nervous system has calmed down again, the redness will disappear by itself. In the long term, it is worth working on your stress resistance. Autogenic training , yoga , a healthy diet , plenty of sleep and exercise in the fresh air promote the immune system and also the resilience of the nerves.

Red spots on the face can also be a symptom of an allergy . Once the allergy-causing substance has been identified, it can be avoided. It is not uncommon for red spots to appear as a result of staying in the sun for too long. The most important immediate measure is: avoid the sun. People with sensitive skin react more strongly to environmental influences. This can also show up as red spots on the face. Although cosmetics do not make sensitive skin less sensitive, soothing plant extracts can bring relief. Cold compresses are helpful because they constrict blood vessels and reduce redness.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.