Doctors & therapists

Psychologist – Diagnosis, Treatment & Doctor Choice


The psychologist deals with human behavior and experience. He examines the development in the course of the patient’s life and usually also researches in the field of psychology and psychotherapy.

What is a psychologist?

Psychologists are primarily concerned with human behavior and experience. Psychology is to be understood as a science, whereby it cannot be clearly assigned to any branch. Rather, a psychologist uses knowledge from natural science, social science, and the humanities.

Psychologists are important in many areas, including treating people with mental disorders. Psychologists are also active in research, emergency medicine, marketing, business, education and law. Since behavior influences our entire everyday life, psychologists can be found almost everywhere.

The professional title of psychologist requires a university degree in psychology. In some fields of activity, additional or further training is necessary, such as working as a psychological psychotherapist . In addition, some professional associations require regular further training.


Since psychologists are active in many areas and deal with a whole range of problems, only a small overview can be given here.In the clinical and medical fields, psychologists treat people with mental health problems and disorders. The complaints can be wide-ranging. Typical clinical pictures that a psychologist treats are anxiety and obsessive -compulsive disorders , psychoses , personality disorders , delusional disorders, substance-induced addictions and developmental disorders.

Almost any type of problem of a psychological and behavioral nature can be treated by a psychologist. However, a psychologist usually needs additional therapeutic training for therapy. A distinction is also made between working with adults and working with children and young people.

In addition to the therapeutic intervention, they also work as appraisers, experts and consultants. For example, within the framework of the penal system or for courts, they prepare reports and diagnostics to assess risks such as willingness to use violence, suicidal tendencies and the risk of absconding.

Another important field is the economy. Psychologists work here in market research, among other things, and optimize work processes, analyze customer behavior and point out important business strategies. But they also offer advice on problems in the team and training if the company is having difficulties with personnel management.

Diagnostic & examination methods

Diagnostics is one of the psychologist’s most important tools in psychology . Unlike most medical specialties, a psychologist has no instruments or equipment to investigate (in clinical and psychotherapeutic psychology). Only in a few cases are smaller aids such as a scale used in the treatment of eating disorders .

The personal conversation is always in the foreground in psychological counseling and treatment. The treating psychologist takes an anamnesis together with the patient. In some cases, cooperation with other specialists treating you is necessary. With the help of various questionnaires and tests, symptoms can be assessed more closely and finally a diagnosis can be made or an assessment can be given, for example in the context of expert opinions.

A typical psychological test that is often used in psychiatric clinics and plays an important role in research and evaluation is the intelligence test . Among other things, it can provide information about possible therapeutic measures. A whole range of such scientifically developed tests and diagnostic procedures are therefore available to the psychologist.

What should the patient pay attention to?

The relationship between doctor and patient is always special and requires trust and a feeling of security. In psychological treatment, however, this relationship plays a far more important role. If it is not characterized by trust, benevolence and appreciation, there is little chance for the patient to initiate a healing process.Therefore, the choice of the right psychologist should always be carefully considered and made. In many cases, so-called trial sessions are possible. If there are discrepancies, this should either be addressed and problems clarified, or the psychologist should be changed.

In addition, a psychologist should be chosen according to the clinical picture. Most psychologists specialize in certain clinical pictures. The family doctor , the health insurance company or the corresponding professional associations can help you with the choice.

Website | + posts

Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.