Medicinal plants

Peony – Application & Treatment for Health


There are 32 different types of peonies or peonies . This name goes back to the Greek god Paian, who, according to legend, healed Pluton, the god of the underworld, as a doctor with a peony. To this day, peonies are an important medicinal plant in homeopathic medicine.

Occurrence & Cultivation of the Peony

The 32 species of peonies together form the herbaceous peony family. Shrubs are the rarest forms, the most common being perennials or subshrubs. The upper parts of the plant die off in winter, the flowers are hermaphrodite and contain over two hundred stamens. Depending on the variety, the flowers can grow up to 20 cm. The peonies form seeds that are up to 1.3 cm long and dark.

All shades of color from white through rosé to a strong red can be found on the color scale of peonies. Peonies grow in the temperate and subtropical northern climate zone. In China, the peony was considered a symbol of wealth and happiness. In Europe, people were convinced that the peony healed diseases caused by the moon.

Effect & Application

The flowers and roots of peonies contain substances that were used from antiquity to the Middle Ages to treat fever , skin diseases, injuries, rheumatism , gout and allergies . In the 19th century it was still the most common remedy for epilepsy . Scientific research has shown that peonies strengthen the immune system and have an analgesic effect.

Peonies contain active ingredients in the leaves, roots and seeds. The active ingredient in the leaves is “anthocyanidin paeonidin-3,5-diglucoside”. The active ingredient in the roots is called paenoiflorin. The seeds contain mainly resin acid and a very fatty oil. Various species of peonies are cultivated in large areas in China because of their importance in Chinese medicine. One of the substances extracted from the peony in China is “Chi Shao”.

It helps against impure skin , bleeding , gynecological problems, eye diseases , pain and especially fever. In Chinese medicine, 3 to 15 grams of “Chi Shao” are administered per treatment.

In the western world, the peony is also called “gout rose” in homeopathy and is used in the treatment of gout. In homeopathy, the substance “Paeonia officinalis” is made from the peony, which is marketed as globules, drops or ointment and is used for a whole range of diseases. It is prescribed for hemorrhoids , nervousness , ulcers , headaches and dry eyes, among other things.

In acute conditions, three globules should be taken three times a day. In the case of hemorrhoids or faecal incontinence and sphincter weakness, the ointment is applied in the morning and evening at the same time. Globules are available in different strengths. With mood swings , the dose is greatly increased, with muscle pain and ulcers, it is slightly reduced. On average, 5-15 drops are taken three times a day for a tincture.

Even your own garden peonies can be used for healing without further processing. 1 teaspoon of dried flowers are poured with boiling water and drunk as tea after ten minutes of steeping. The roots of the peony also help against cramps, but are also used for rheumatism, gastrointestinal diseases , migraines , allergies and neuralgia .

To do this, the roots are collected and dried. 7.5. Grams of dried roots make enough brew for a day’s ration. Peonies are slightly poisonous and, if consumed in excess, can also lead to diarrhea and vomiting up to severe colic. Therefore, it is very important to stick to the prescribed amount.

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

From antiquity to the 19th century, peonies were of great importance in medicine for the healing and treatment of gout, epilepsy, rheumatism, digestive disorders and gynecological diseases. Even Hippocrates used them. In the Middle Ages, it was also credited with healing powers against “possession”. To do this, the dried seeds were smoked, and the “possessed” had to inhale the smoke. Hildegard von Binnen used the seeds against mental illness.

In her book Physica she wrote: “And when a man loses his mind, dip the seed in honey and put it on his tongue, the forces will excite his brain that the sick person will quickly regain his sanity.” The peony became common grown in monastery gardens and used as a medicinal plant. Today, the peony still plays an important role in Chinese medicine and homeopathy. In Chinese medicine, two special types of peonies are cultivated over large areas in Mongolia.

In homeopathy, the flowers and roots of the normal farmer’s peony are mostly used. The globules “Paeonia officinalis” can already be taken preventively in case of a predisposition to gout and severe menstrual pain. In the case of an acute illness, the dosage must be discussed with the homeopathic doctor. “Paeonia officinalis” also helps against various phobias and can then be used as an immediate remedy in an acute situation.

The globules or drops help with fear of flying , fear of heights , arachnophobia (fear of spiders) and exam anxiety. Since fear can also lead to stomach pain, the globules are also often prescribed for nervous stomach problems. “Paeonia officinalis” is considered to be particularly successful as an ointment for diseases of the anus such as hemorrhoids or sphincter weakness. In second place are globules and drops against nerve symptoms such as sleep problems and dizziness .

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.