Pain – Causes, Treatment


Pain is mild to severe, uncomfortable discomfort that can occur anywhere in the body. They are throbbing, tearing, flowing, stinging, or causing other feelings that are unmistakable indicators that something is wrong with one’s body.

What is pain?

Pain is an uncomfortable feeling that can appear anywhere in the body. There is mild pain that is easily endured, but also severe pain that is difficult to imagine if you have never had it.

Pain always indicates that there is an injury or disease in the body that is attacking the tissue and causing the discomfort. In principle, pain can occur anywhere in the body and in all types of tissue, i.e. in bones, connective tissue or soft tissue.

Forms of pain:


Pain occurs due to irritation of the nerves. If there is an injury, for example a cut on the skin, the nerves at the corresponding point are also affected and react by releasing pain stimuli.

Bone pain has a similar cause and occurs, for example, with fractures, but also with contact with pathogens. Pain in the internal organs is usually due to a disease that attacks the tissue, such as inflammation.

Some pains, such as headaches, are triggered by stress . The muscles tense up and ensure that the nerves are squeezed or come into contact with pain-causing neurotransmitters.

Some pain also has a purely neurological cause and is triggered by a malfunction or incorrect stress on the body in everyday life.

diseases with this symptom


Most mild pain will go away on its own. They only occur with harmless injuries or with headaches that are simply caused by tension.

Moderate pain, on the other hand, can also subside on its own, but it takes longer because more nerves are usually involved in the pain.

Severe pain, on the other hand, rarely lasts long, but is so unbearable for the patient that it is treated when it occurs. Regardless of the intensity of the pain, it can also occur again and again – this is common in contact with pain-causing pathogens or underlying diseases that are in the healing phase.

People who have severe pain as part of cancer often suffer from permanent pain that does not go away on its own, but must be treated urgently.


Various complications can arise from pain. Generally speaking, not treating pain symptomatically can lead to it becoming chronic. In retrospect, it is often no longer possible to identify any physical cause for the persistent discomfort. The pain continues to exist as a symptom, even if the disease has long since healed.

The reason for this is physical memory. On the other hand, constantly recurring pain can attack the psyche of the person concerned. For fear of the pain coming back, painkillers are taken, which can damage the body in the long run. On the other hand, those who do not take medication to relieve severe pain often unconsciously fall into a relieving posture.

Such a bad posture can on the one hand lead to a shift in pain and on the other hand damage unaffected areas of the body. Consequential pain in the area of ​​the spine, which comes from a relaxed posture for too long, is particularly common. Patients with chronic pain are often difficult to treat. In some cases, the discomfort can no longer be completely combated and can only be reduced to a lesser extent.

This leads to increased frustration and conflicts with the attending physician. On top of that, another complication is that long-term non-treatment can lead to aggression and depression in the patient. This lowers the pain threshold and the patient finds himself in a vicious circle.

When should you go to the doctor?

In the case of pain, it is not possible to make a general prediction as to whether or not it needs to be examined by a doctor. As a rule, pain gives the affected person a signal that something is wrong in the body. It can be just a slight bruise or overexertion or it can also be a serious illness. In general, the patient should always be able to live pain-free, and pain at rest should not occur.

If the pain occurs over a longer period of time and does not go away on its own, a doctor should be consulted. The treatment and its success depend heavily on the cause of the pain and the underlying disease. Especially when the pain becomes unbearable, an emergency doctor or a hospital must be consulted. The patient should never treat pain with painkillers alone for a long period of time.

If the pain occurs after an accident, a doctor must also be consulted. In the case of general pain that cannot be assigned to a specific illness, a visit to the family doctor or the hospital is suitable if the pain is unbearable. In certain regions, such as toothache, the respective doctor can be consulted directly.

Treatment & Therapy

In the treatment of pain, a distinction is made between curative and palliative treatment. Curative treatment aims to combat the pain along with its cause. Means are usually used to eliminate the pain so that the patient is well during the treatment of his underlying disease.

Some of these drugs ( painkillers ) are also freely available and are used, for example, for headaches that have no more serious cause than everyday stress. Curative treatment also includes strong painkillers, which should immediately eliminate the correspondingly severe pain.

Palliative pain treatment, on the other hand, is aimed at patients who will die from their underlying disease or who cannot be cured even if the disease itself does not lead to death. Many cancer patients receive palliative care in the last few weeks and months of their lives because they would be in severe pain if they did not receive any medication. Conditions like fibromyalgia, on the other hand, are uncomfortable but not fatal, so they cannot be treated curatively. The aim is not to leave the patient alone with his pain.

Usually, pain relievers are administered as tablets, since the usual remedies are also suitable for this in high doses. Injections and infusions are also possible.

Outlook & Forecast

A general prognosis cannot be made for pain. Whether treatment is possible or necessary depends very much on the pain itself and must be decided in each individual case. However, in medicine, pain can almost always be numbed or restricted. This means that patients do not feel any pain during treatments or operations.

Painkillers can be used for minor or short-term pain. It is important to ensure that these are not taken in excess, as they are harmful to the stomach. In the case of long-lasting and unbearable pain, however, a doctor should always be consulted, as there is a greater complication behind this pain.

In most cases, the causes of the pain can be identified and combated relatively easily. Pain can be treated either with medication or with surgery.

It is not uncommon for pain to spread to different regions. Toothache , for example, can also lead to headaches and also put a strain on other parts of the body. In such cases, a doctor can provide information about the cause of the pain and treat it.


Pain can be prevented by protecting yourself from it as much as possible in everyday life. Exercise caution when handling objects or situations where you could be injured and wear protective clothing if offered. Also in sports, caution towards yourself and others is the top priority.

However, it is difficult to prevent disease-related pain. Here it is important to prevent a wide variety of diseases.

You can do that yourself

Pain sufferers should keep moving whenever possible. Even a short walk can distract from thoughts of the pain. It is important not to overstrain yourself and rather to start with shorter distances. Walking also relaxes the muscles and moves the joints. Nordic walking or other sports can also distract from pain. The family doctor can assess what kind of movement makes sense for pain patients.

In addition, those affected should ensure small moments of happiness in everyday life. Even small things can help to regain a little joie de vivre, especially with chronic pain. They give inner satisfaction and relieve moments of pain. Relaxation techniques loosen tense muscles and improve body awareness. Bad posture and tension caused by stress are noticed at an early stage and stress is reduced in a targeted manner. In pain therapy , for example, autogenic training and progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobson are useful. Heat often helps with pain. A hot water bottleor a warm pack may be placed on the affected areas.

It is important not to ignore pain. Pain patients should go to the doctor in good time and talk openly about the pain. The earlier the pain is treated, the greater the chance of recovery. The help of an expert should not only be accepted for physical, but also for psychological pain.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.