Medical devices

Orthopedic Insoles – Use & Health Benefits

Orthopedic insoles

Orthopedic insoles can be necessary for foot problems at any age. Much of what advertises itself as an orthopedic insole is a standard insole of little use. Orthopedic insoles are individually made by the orthopedic shoemaker according to the medical indication by the orthopedist and after a footprint has been made – usually using a foam imprint, 3D scanner or blueprint. The extent to which commercially available insoles have an orthopedic value is assessed very differently. However, there are shoe manufacturers who offer good quality orthopedic footbeds. These footbeds incorporated into the shoe are useful as an aid against fatigue and misalignments. However, they do not replace real orthopedic shoes .

What are orthopedic insoles?

A definition for orthopedic insoles describes the tailor-made manufacture and fitting of the foot with an aid worn in the shoe by a trained specialist in orthopedic technology.

Orthopedic insoles are used to provide the right bed for overstressed or diseased feet. They should provide optimal support and relief and, if necessary, ensure the correction of malpositions, leg length differences or diseases of the foot. Orthopedic insoles are used to walk without problems.

Shapes, Species & Types

Depending on the indication, a distinction is made between different forms, types and types of orthopedic insoles . Orthopedic insoles can be individually adjusted for congenital or life-acquired malpositions, deformities and defects as well as amputations in the toe area.

Orthopedic insoles compensate for various foot problems. They must be provided with appropriate equipment. Commercial footbeds or orthopedic insoles are not indicated for toe malpositions, foot malpositions or foot amputations. Custom- made orthopedic insoles are also used to treat pain in the foot , after trauma caused by an accident, inflammation in the joint or toe area, degenerative symptoms on the foot, circulatory disorders or foot syndromes such as diabetic or rheumatic foot changes.

To compensate for leg length differences , for example after a femoral neck fracture , orthopedic insoles have to compensate for the resulting height difference. Modifications on the shoe that are geared to the orthopedic insoles can be useful additions. The material for orthopedic insoles ranges from inflexible cast resin or metal to flexible and cushioning materials such as cork, leather or soft foam.

A distinction is made between orthopedic insoles in copy insoles, bedding insoles, hard-shell insoles, pure heel cups, insoles with corrective jaws, shock absorbers, ball insoles according to Spitzy, 3-point insoles, orthopedic insoles to compensate for shortening and orthopedic insoles with proprioceptive bedding according to Hilton.

Structure, function & mode of operation

Orthopedic insoles also differ in structure and functionality , depending on whether they are intended to relieve or support, correct congenital or acquired malpositions or pressure points, or stimulate blood circulation.

A supportive transverse arch, which is typically indicated with a splayfoot , requires different orthopedic adjustments than a supportive longitudinal arch in the case of pronounced flatfoot. A recessed longitudinal arch is necessary if a heel spur is present. Corrective orthopedic insoles are indicated, for example, as a 3-point insole for congenital sickle or clubfoot . Different leg lengths can be compensated for with raised heels and orthopedic insoles tailored to the foot.

Hilton proprioceptive beddings are custom-made. They have a stimulating effect on circulatory disorders or signs of fatigue. In principle, orthopedic insoles consist of a sole-like construction that is sensibly designed for a specific shoe. This must have a replaceable footbed. Normal standard insoles consist of a bedding insert and are covered with different fabrics. Higher quality orthopedic insoles may have rigidus areas to treat hallux valgus .

Diabetic insoles are special orthopedic insoles that are effective against the dangerous pressure points that make up the diabetic foot according to the sandwich principle. Orthopedic insoles can also be equipped with toe bars, padding, heel spur pads and the like.

Medicinal & health benefits

The medical and health benefit of orthopedic insoles is primarily that the person concerned can walk again without pain.

Most people today have foot problems because our feet are actually made for walking barefoot. Instead, we squeeze them into ill-fitting shoes that are too narrow or too wide. Orthopedic insoles compensate for deformed toes, pressure points, foot malpositions or joint damage.

The diabetic foot is a special case for orthopedic insoles. Diabetics do not notice pressure points and constrictions. Healthy feet do not need orthopedic insoles, but sick feet do.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.