Medicinal plants

Neem Tree – Application & Treatment for Health


A large tree native to India is called the neem tree. Many of its ingredients can be used for medicinal purposes.

Occurrence & cultivation of the neem tree

The neem tree ( Azadirachta indica ) is also known by the names Niem or Neem . This evergreen tree can live up to 200 years and belongs to the mahogany family ( Meliaceae ). The neem reaches a height of between 15 and 20 meters. Under certain conditions, it can even be 30 to 40 meters long. Leaves grow on its branches, reaching a length of 20 to 40 centimeters.

The leaves are equipped with a point on their front side. From the age of four, the neem tree bears spherical or oval stone fruits. These are reminiscent of olives and are 1.4 to 2.8 centimeters long. One or more seeds are found within the fruit. The neem tree is native to South Asian countries such as India, Burma and Pakistan. Neem needs a subtropical to tropical climate to thrive.

After people brought the neem tree from South Asia to other continents such as Africa, America and Australia and some Pacific islands, it was planted there as well. It thrives most often in flat areas. In contrast, it occurs only rarely in mountain regions.

Effect & Application

Although the ingredients of the neem tree have been scientifically studied for decades, it has still not been possible to research all of them. For example, neem has around a hundred different chemical substances found in the fruit, stem, bark and leaves. Due to the high complexity of the ingredients, only imprecise approximate values ​​of the structural formulas could be found so far.

The most important ingredients of the neem tree are azadirachtin, which has an insecticidal effect and is extracted from neem oil, as well as salannin, meliantrol, nimbidin and nimbin. The medicinally valuable components of neem include the oil, the leaves and the seeds. In India, neem products have been used for therapeutic purposes for a long time. However, it is recommended that the seeds and neem tree oil only be used externally.

They are considered too strong for internal use. On the other hand, the leaves are quite suitable for internal use. The oil of the neem tree is also used in numerous cosmetic products. These include body lotions, creams and neem shampoo. The products are also suitable for the treatment of skin complaints, itching and mild fungal diseases. An ointment with neem is also considered helpful for neuralgia or rheumatism .

In the case of inflammatory respiratory problems such as coughing , neem tree oil can also be used. The patient puts this in hot water drop by drop and then inhales it. A decoction of the seeds is also suitable for inhalation. Smaller sections of skin can easily be rubbed with neem tree oil. For larger treatments, on the other hand, the oil should be diluted with vegetable oil such as olive oil or almond oil.

A tincture of the neem seed is suitable for protection against insects. The leaves of the neem tree can be used both internally and externally. For internal use, boiling a tea is considered well suited. Alternatively, the leaves can also be chewed, which even applies to dried leaves. Fresh neem leaves can be squeezed and used as juice. This is considered to be effective against intestinal diseases, liver weakness , high blood pressure and inflammation of the bladder . Neem leaves are even said to have a contraceptive effect . The leaves are supposed to prevent the nesting of fertilized egg cells.

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

The components of the neem tree can be used against numerous acute and chronic diseases. Already around 2000 years ago, the ancient Indians used the products of the tree against high blood pressure, hepatitis , anemia , leprosy , ulcers, digestive problems, thyroid diseases and hives . Ayurvedic medicine also used the neem tree for therapeutic purposes.

Neem is not a panacea, but it can have a helpful effect on numerous diseases. Among other things, it can be used against acne , since the bacteria responsible for the skin condition are killed. Neem soap, which has an antiseptic effect, has proven particularly effective. The neem tree can also be used against allergies such as skin rashes .

Both external and internal use counteracts allergic reactions. In addition to skin rashes, bronchial allergies can also be combated in this way. It is applied by drinking neem tea or applying neem cream. The steam from boiled neem leaves can also be inhaled against respiratory problems such as coughs, bronchial asthma and colds .

In India, neem tea is used to treat intestinal worms . You can get rid of these annoying parasites by drinking two cups of neem tea a day. A fourteen-day tincture cure is also recommended. The neem tree is also used in India to treat diabetes mellitus . Scientific studies have shown that the ingredients result in a significant reduction in insulin requirements.

Some substances in neem also have a positive effect on ulcers such as gastric or duodenal ulcers . The ingredient Nimbidin is taken orally. Neem is also used as a means of first aid for minor injuries and ailments. A tincture of neem develops a haemostatic and disinfecting effect. It also has antiviral, antibacterial and antipyretic properties.

Other possible areas of application for neem products are athlete’s foot , fever , eczema, venereal diseases , inflammation of the gums , sore throat and pain in the limbs and joints .

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.