Active Ingredients

Hyaluronic Acid – Effect, Application & Risks

Hyaluronic acid

In recent years, hyaluronic acid has increasingly acquired an image as an active ingredient against skin aging . In fact, the remedy is used more often for joint problems and arthrosis .

What is hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid consists of multiple sugars arranged in a chain – the so-called polysaccharides. They are produced naturally in the human and animal organism. The distribution of these is different.

A particularly large amount of it is found primarily in the synovial fluid , on the intervertebral discs and in the vitreous body of the eye. However, the ability to self-produce the acid decreases with age. Those affected then complain about joint problems, reduced vision or wrinkled skin .

In these cases, the hyaluronic acid can be used externally for medical and cosmetic purposes. As a tablet, capsule, cream or even in liquid preparation for the syringe, the agent can be used in different forms. However, improvements often only appear after prolonged treatment.

Pharmacological action

After application, the hyaluronic acid reaches its destination within hours. This can be in the individual layers of skin, near all joints or in the eye.

The fact that the active ingredient absorbs a large amount of liquid is used. Around six liters of water are bound per gram of acid. This property can cause greater elasticity in the skin , for example, or can be used in wound healing . In the joints of the limbs, on the other hand, hyaluronic acid acts more as a lubricant. As a component of the cartilage between the bones , it prevents wear and tear on the joints . Or it lies as a protective layer between the skeleton and achieves a similar effect there.

The pain-relieving properties of the preparation are also positive. In particular, the build-up of synovial fluid or cartilage can usually take a few weeks. However, the acutely perceived symptoms are eliminated within a few days. In which form and how often the hyaluronic acid is used must be decided on a case-by-case basis.

Medical Application & Use

In the past few decades, hyaluronic acid has been used particularly frequently in the therapy of acute or chronic joint disorders. It can either counteract a disease process that has already started, such as arthrosis, or prevent it. The treatment of a diagnosed dry eye is also common. Here, the preparation would be dripped directly into the eyes in the form of drops.

It can also be used if there is a malfunction in the mucous membranes in the nose , mouth and throat area. However, hyaluronic acid has only gained a reputation as a component of aesthetic medicine for around three decades. Thanks to the ability to bind water, the process of wound healing is improved.

The active ingredient is also used in the aftercare of surgical scars. People who suffer from facial deformities caused by accidents or illness can also hope for injections on the lips, skin surfaces and eyelids. The resulting effect of vital contours is also being used more and more frequently in cosmetics .

Risks & side effects

The use of hyaluronic acid only rarely has undesirable side effects. For example, intolerance and allergic shock reactions can result when taken orally. If the agent is applied to the skin, dropped into the eyes or injected into the joint area, itching , redness , blistering and sensitivity to pain in the affected area cannot be ruled out.

In severe cases, muscle spasms may even occur and minor bumps may appear around the injection point. In general, there are often temporary after-effects in the course of use on the joints. For example, the area where the acid was injected may feel dulled and slightly numb for a few minutes.

However, almost all symptoms resolve on their own within a few minutes or hours. Only in the case of longer-lasting symptoms and acute shock conditions does a doctor have to be informed immediately.

Website | + posts

Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.