Diseases

Eyebrow Loss – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Eyebrow loss

Eyebrow loss can be a symptom of various diseases or genetic predisposition. The problem occurs extremely rarely and is usually purely cosmetic in nature. The most effective means of treatment is prevention.

What does eyebrow loss mean?

Eyebrow loss is defined as excessive hair loss on the eyebrows, which leads to severe thinning of the eyebrows. The causes of the disease are varied and range from simple hypersensitivity to certain substances, mineral and vitamin deficiencies to side effects of medication and psychological stress .

The treatment methods are just as diverse, ranging from dietary measures to medication and a wide variety of home remedies. A healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet and sufficient exercise can be used to prevent eyebrow loss. However, if the eyebrows fall out, a doctor should always be consulted, who can determine the cause based on the symptoms and initiate appropriate treatment.

causes

If the eyebrows fall out, this often has hereditary or hormonal reasons. If the eyebrow loss occurs around the menopause , the falling estrogen level may be the cause. During pregnancy , the loss of eyebrows is often due to hormonal changes , the so-called postpartum effluvium.

In addition, [[thyroid diseases|thyroid dysfunction] severe infections or poisoning and metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus can weaken the hair roots. The number one trigger, however, is stress, often in conjunction with nutritional deficiencies or dietary deficiencies.

Drugs for high blood pressure , high blood fat levels ( ACE inhibitors , beta blockers ) or cancer are also possible triggers. Otherwise, eyebrow loss can also be caused by allergies to cosmetic products, contact with irritating substances or a dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Chemotherapy , among other side effects, can also lead to loss of scalp hair and eyebrows.

Symptoms, Ailments & Signs

Eyebrow loss manifests itself as the hair on certain areas of the eyebrows becoming thinner and the hair density generally decreasing. Hair often only falls out on one side or in a specific area, or initially becomes brittle and dull. Those affected can usually observe this immediately and diagnose the hair loss themselves.

It can also be determined that the hair loss only affects the eyebrows, while the scalp hair and other body hair grow as usual. The complaints are mostly of a purely visual nature. Depending on the underlying cause, however, various side effects can occur.

Itching , redness and the occurrence of deficiency symptoms are typical . If it occurs chronically, the loss of eyebrow hair can lead to reduced self-esteem and, under certain circumstances, to depressive thoughts .

Diagnosis & History

Usually the pattern of eyebrow loss already gives clues to the possible cause. The actual diagnosis can be made by a doctor with the help of various tests, such as blood and hair analysis, a medical history and, in rare cases, a scalp biopsy. In detail, the doctor will first look at the eyebrows as well as the scalp hair and nails to determine whether there is a skin disease.

The pattern of eyebrow loss allows for a first suspicion. After that, the doctor will carry out a clinical epilation test or a plucking test, depending on the assumption. Does the hair come loose with just a little plucking? Is the eyebrow hair brittle? Does the hair fall out evenly or do the light spots only appear on one eyebrow?

All these questions give not only clues to the diagnosis, but also to the prognosis. If, for example, scarring hair loss is detected, the hair may no longer grow evenly. On the other hand, if the hair falls out without noticeable redness or discomfort, it usually grows back.

Furthermore, individual hairs and their structure can be examined more closely under the microscope. Finally, a tissue sample is taken from the scalp (scalp biopsy) under local anesthesia in order to be able to clearly confirm the initial suspicion. In conjunction with a blood test, inflammation levels, blood iron levels, immune phenomena and other factors can be determined.

Sex hormones can also be tested in men if androgenic alopecia is suspected. Assuming a quick and clear diagnosis, eyebrow loss can be treated without long-term consequences. The symptoms are mostly purely cosmetic and occur in phases. Depending on the cause, only accompanying symptoms of the underlying disease can take a negative course and lead to inflammation, for example, which must be treated independently.

complications

In most cases, eyebrow loss does not lead to any medical complications that could be dangerous to the body. However, after the eyebrow loss, the patient no longer finds himself aesthetically pleasing. This can lead to depression and feelings of stress afterwards, since the affected person is no longer satisfied with their appearance.

This leads to a reduction in self-esteem and often to a depressive mood. If these psychological problems arise, a psychologist should be consulted. The eyebrow loss itself cannot be prevented by this, but the psychological thoughts are curbed.

Direct treatment is not possible. However, it is possible to draw the eyebrows back over the eyes through cosmetics. Most of the time, eyebrow loss only occurs through shampoo or improper nutrition, so that it can be very easily combated and the disease progresses positively.

If the hair falls out in addition to the eyebrows, a doctor should be consulted. A doctor must also be consulted if eyebrow loss occurs alongside another medical condition. It is not uncommon for the body to lack iron and protein when eyebrows fall out, so that the patient should consume more of these ingredients through food. Eyebrows usually grow back completely after a few weeks.

When should you go to the doctor?

If a few eyebrow hairs fall out, this is no reason to see a doctor. The cause is usually stress, an intolerance or hormonal changes – factors that should return to normal after a while. However, if the symptoms persist for several months or take on serious proportions, medical help is required. The light spots in the eyebrows are then possibly due to a serious metabolic disease (e.g. diabetes mellitus). Eyebrow loss is often also due to malnutrition, which must be diagnosed and treated.

A doctor’s visit is recommended if other symptoms such as fatigue, dandruff or reddening of the eyebrows appear. If the eyebrow loss persists for no apparent reason or side effects, you should also speak to your doctor.

There may be an undetected allergy to cosmetic products or an allergy that requires appropriate action. The causes of hair loss should always be determined to rule out further complications. At the latest when the eyebrow loss is associated with physical or psychological complaints, the causes must be clarified.

Treatment & Therapy

Eyebrow loss is treated depending on the cause. The causes are often relatively harmless, such as an irritating shampoo or poor diet, which can generally be dealt with using simple measures. All kinds of allergies and intolerances can be treated by simply avoiding the allergens and pollutants. Seeing your doctor early will help prevent more hair from falling out.

Outlook & Forecast

The prognosis for eyebrow loss depends on the underlying causes of the disease. If the loss of the eyebrows was the result of a contact allergy , it is usually sufficient to consistently avoid the substance to which you are hypersensitive. The eyebrows then usually grow back within a few weeks.

The same applies in the case of a food intolerance . A negative prognosis can only be expected if the allergen cannot be identified or if it is difficult to avoid for professional or practical reasons.

Even in cases where the eyebrow loss is due to malnutrition, the sufferer can assume that the eyebrows will grow back as soon as the missing nutrient is identified and supplied in sufficient quantities. A problematic course can only be expected if the nutrient deficiency is the result of an eating disorder such as bulimia or anorexia .

Psychotherapeutic treatment of the underlying disease is then very often necessary in order to eliminate the deficiency permanently. Eyebrow loss can also be the result of drug treatment. In these cases, too, the hair usually grows back after the medication is stopped.

A permanent loss of the eyebrows is usually only to be expected if there have been injuries to the face, such as chemical burns or burns. In these cases, cosmetic or plastic surgery may be necessary to reconstruct the eyebrows.

prevention

Eyebrow loss can only be prevented to a limited extent, as it is usually hereditary. However, the risk can be minimized by leading a healthy lifestyle with a varied diet and plenty of exercise.

This can at least prevent a lack of protein and iron, which can promote hair loss. At the first signs of eyebrow loss, self-observation can often reveal what may be weakening or irritating the hair roots.

aftercare

After successful treatment of eyebrow loss, no follow-up care is usually necessary. This is because the typical symptoms do not recur. Only in rare and serious cases can it make sense to consult a doctor again. The blood test is then particularly suitable, on the basis of which a protein and iron deficiency can be determined.

As a rule, a persistent and incorrect diet justifies the weakening of the hair roots. Eyebrow loss is not a life-threatening condition; Rather, those affected suffer from the psychological consequences of hair loss. Once shame and reduced self-esteem have set in, often only accompanying psychotherapy can help. This allows patients to return to their natural everyday life.

A recurrence of the symptoms can usually only be countered adequately. This is due to the fact that the eyebrow loss is hereditary or stems from the professional and private environment. Factors like these cannot be adequately addressed.

In practice, a healthy and adequate diet and avoidance of certain triggers can mitigate the effects. The cosmetics industry can also help to make the failure invisible. However, no follow-up care is absolutely necessary after medical instruction.

You can do that yourself

Losing eyebrows is an unpleasant symptom and usually brings with it aesthetic problems. While a steady, slight loss of hair and eyebrows is considered normal, a doctor should be consulted if there is increased hair loss .

A balanced diet that provides the body with sufficient nutrients is considered self-help against the stressful hair loss. If you supply the body with all the nutrients it needs, you can avoid deficiencies and thus prevent further symptoms. Furthermore, the use of mild cosmetics and washing products is recommended, since aggressive shampoos , make-ups, etc. can trigger hair loss.

Since hair and eyebrow loss can often be triggered by stress and psychological strain, sufficient relaxation in everyday life is also important. With relaxation exercises , meditation , yoga , etc., the mind can come to rest and leave the stresses of everyday life behind.

Some people also need physical activity to regenerate and to compensate for stress. The small tips for self-help can be easily incorporated into everyday life and thus counteract the loss of eyebrows. If the self-help tips show little or no effect, a doctor should find out the background to the eyebrow loss and then treat the patient accordingly.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.