Dysbiosis – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment


Billions of microorganisms live on the skin, the mucous membranes, in the small and large intestine. This symbiosis supports the metabolism and ensures an intact immune system . The beneficial microorganisms train the B lymphocytes and ensure a balance in the intestine. If this symbiosis is disturbed, a dysbiosis can develop.

What is dysbiosis?

If the quantity ratio within the intestinal flora is disturbed and pathogenic germs spread, then there is a dysbiosis. In the specialist literature, this is also referred to as a dysbacteria or an intestinal flora disorder.

Beneficial microorganisms in the intestine have a number of tasks:

1. They limit the colonization and spread of pathogens. They do this by releasing certain substances such as hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen peroxide and short-chain fatty acids.

2. They stimulate and train the immune system. Due to their presence, new antibodies are constantly formed . Macrophages (scavenger cells) are also produced in larger numbers.

3. They produce small amounts of vitamins : vitamin K (coli bacteria), vitamins B3 , B5, folic acid (clostridia), vitamin B12 (lactobacilli), biotin (bacteroides).

4. With their work, they nourish and nourish the lining of the colon.

5. They promote the metabolism of the intestinal wall through certain substances that they excrete.

The species diversity of these microbes is therefore large and their tasks are extremely diverse.


The causes of a disturbed intestinal flora are manifold. In the first place are infections of the intestinal tract, for example by fungi, streptococci , staphylococci , parasites , typhus and amoebas . Diet plays a major role in shifting gut balance. If it is particularly high in protein or fat, the putrefactive bacteria like to multiply.

The lactic acid bacteria then reduce their population. Due to the increased fermentation in the intestine , significantly more toxins are formed. These are absorbed through the intestinal wall and reach the entire organism via the circulatory system. The same goes for sugar.

Medications such as antibiotics , the ” pill ” or glucocorticoids have a major impact on the intestinal flora. In their mode of action, they attack the beneficial microorganisms directly and destroy them. Certain environmental pollutants, such as cadmium, inhibit the growth of microorganisms. The lack of gastric acid , bile or pancreatic juice also has an unfavorable effect on the intestinal balance. If the immune system is weakened, fewer antibodies penetrate the intestine and the milieu shifts.

Symptoms, Ailments & Signs

In the case of dysbiosis, those affected usually suffer from complaints in the area of ​​the stomach or intestines. These complaints have a very negative effect on the patient’s quality of life and can significantly reduce it. Symptoms such as flatulence , diarrhea or constipation , feeling of fullness , food intolerance and other gastrointestinal disorders provide an indication of dysbiosis .

Fatigue , headaches and migraines can occur. Since the pathogenic germs excrete toxins, the development of other systemic diseases is promoted. The immune system is so busy fighting off toxic substances and germs that it hardly has the capacity to deal with further stress.

The permanent symptoms can also have a negative effect on the psyche, leading to depression , irritability or other mental upsets. Various food intolerances also occur as a result of the dysbiosis , so that the patient’s diet is severely restricted. There is often pain in the stomach and, in general, tiredness or exhaustion.

Migraines can also occur and make everyday life difficult for those affected. In general, dysbiosis has a very negative effect on the patient’s state of health and can also strongly promote the development of other diseases. This often leads to other infections or inflammation. If the dysbiosis is not treated, it can also lead to a reduced life expectancy. In the worst case, organ failure occurs in the kidneys or liver , which can lead to death.

Diagnosis & History

Dysbiosis is diagnosed with the help of a stool examination . The patient receives two tubes for this in the practice. At home he will take two stool samples. These stool samples are sent from the practice to a laboratory. A culture is created there and evaluated after four days. The doctor who made the diagnosis receives the findings and discusses them with his patient.

The results of the stool examination provide information about which therapy will be used in the future.

If dysbiosis is not treated, it leads to an increasingly poor physical condition. Intoxication of the body will reduce cellular metabolism. The cells no longer receive any energy or oxygen. Nutrients can hardly be absorbed. The liver and kidneys are overwhelmed with detoxification. Illnesses, states of exhaustion , migraines and a gradual loss of strength set in.


Due to the dysbiosis, the patient mainly suffers from complaints and complications in the intestinal area due to the high susceptibility to infections. In most cases, the greatest complication is food intolerance. In this case, the patient is very limited in his choice of food and must follow a strict diet to avoid pain, diarrhea or nausea after eating.

The quality of life is reduced due to intolerance. In many cases it is not possible to limit the intolerance completely, so that the food has to be avoided. Crohn’s disease can also occur. Treatment is only possible if the cause of the dysbiosis has been precisely clarified.

In many cases, it takes a long time for the doctor to find the cause of the disease. Often, treatment begins with the help of drugs and probiotics. The patient’s diet must also be completely changed, and a so-called nutrition diary is often kept for this purpose.

If the diet is followed, the course of the disease can be positive without further complications. Life expectancy is not reduced due to dysbiosis as long as the patient eats a healthy diet and follows a healthy lifestyle.

When should you go to the doctor?

A dysbiosis does not necessarily require medical treatment if the causes are known and the condition only lasts for a short time. During or after treatment with antibiotics, there is often a disturbance in the gastrointestinal tract, which is often accompanied by diarrhea, since the antibiotics not only kill harmful pathogens, but also beneficial intestinal bacteria.

In healthy adults, however, the intestinal flora usually regulates itself again after stopping the medication. For some people, it is sufficient if they eat special yoghurt cultures during or after treatment with antibiotics to rebuild the intestinal flora.

However, if a dysbiosis persists for weeks or even months, this can lead to impairment of the intestinal mucosa. If a dysbiosis does not heal in a timely manner, a doctor should therefore be consulted. Typical symptoms of an intestinal flora disorder are severe flatulence, a feeling of fullness even after light meals and the alternating occurrence of constipation and diarrhea.

Some patients also suffer from fatigue and headaches or even develop migraines. In these cases, a doctor should be consulted promptly so that the balance of the intestinal flora can be restored before serious complications arise.

Treatment & Therapy

Dysbiosis can be treated with the help of microbiological preparations. The basis for these preparations are E.coli and enterococci in dead and live form. There are mixtures with bacterial metabolites and cell components, e.g. B. Pro-Symbioflor® or Colibiogen oral®.

This sensitizes and trains the immune system. Other products contain living physiological germs. They are used, so to speak, as a second training stage for the immune system and are intended to colonize the intestine again, e.g. B. Paidoflor® or Mutaflor®.

Other microbiological preparations consist of living germs that do not belong to the intestinal flora. Certain properties of these organisms are used therapeutically, e.g. B. toxin binding. Still other preparations contain a mixture of killed and viable germs.

The therapy takes place in four steps:

1. Inactivated E. coli bacteria and enterococci are used in the preliminary phase.

2. The first phase of training the immune system begins with live enterococci. Among other things, Symbioflor 1® is used for this.

3. The second training phase contains live enterococci and E.coli bacteria mixed, e.g. B. Symbioflor 2®.

4. Lactic acid bacteria are prescribed to supplement the new intestinal flora. Their positive effects, especially in the case of allergies , skin diseases and fungal infections , have been repeatedly confirmed.

This microbiological therapy rebuilds the micro-ecological balance in the intestine. In addition, it trains the body’s own defense system . The time frame for this therapy is between four and six months, in exceptional cases up to two years.

Outlook & Forecast

In dysbiosis, the bacterial balance in the intestine is disturbed. In its early stages, dysbiosis is a disease that can usually be treated well and easily, but the patient is required to be patient. The medication should not take place independently, but always in close consultation with the doctor treating you and under regular medical supervision. Usually the cause of a dysbiosis can be found reliably after some time and some experimentation, and treatment can lead to a complete cure.

An untreated dysbiosis, however, can form the breeding ground for a variety of other secondary diseases. Therefore, the dysbiosis should by no means be considered unimportant or neglected therapeutically, but should definitely be treated in the early stages.

Dysbiosis can also have serious effects on other diseases such as Crohn’s disease , diabetes or irritable bowel syndrome. Research shows that dysbiosis can be the cause of these diseases. Other cases have been documented in which the dysbiosis was not the cause, but negatively reinforced the diseases mentioned above.

At the same time, the dysbiosis weakens the patient’s immune system and hinders the targeted absorption of various important nutrients. It also leads to annoying to very painful intestinal and digestive problems such as flatulence and very severe diarrhea. If the dysbiosis is not treated medically, spontaneous healing is very unlikely.


Maintaining a balanced environment in the gut is of great importance for the entire body. Natural medicine recommends colon cleansing with herbal mixtures and bentonite once or twice a year. A purchased intensive cure can even be integrated into the daily routine alongside normal nutrition.

The same applies to hydro-colon therapy as a colon cleanse. After that, the intestinal flora should be rebuilt with probiotic bacteria. Changing the daily diet to an alkaline range offers the beneficial microorganisms the environment in which they feel comfortable.


In the case of a dysbiosis, the patient usually has no special measures and options for aftercare. In the case of this disease, a quick and, above all, early detection must take place in the first place, so that there are no further compilations or complaints. The earlier the dysbiosis is recognized and treated, the better the further course.

In general, with this disease, the patient should rest his bowels and not eat greasy or very sweet food. Normal food can only be eaten again after the disease has been successfully treated. Dysbiosis is usually treated with medication. The person concerned should ensure that the dosage is correct and that it is taken regularly in order to treat the symptoms.

If you have any questions or are unclear, you should always contact a doctor first. After a treatment, further regular examinations of the intestine can be carried out in order to detect any existing complaints or damage. As a rule, the dysbiosis does not reduce the life expectancy of the affected person. Since the disease can recur even after successful treatment, the trigger should of course be avoided.

You can do that yourself

In a dysbiosis, useful intestinal bacteria are displaced by pathogenic microorganisms. The intestinal flora gets out of balance. Those affected can take a number of self-help measures to prevent this development and to normalize the intestinal flora again.

An important contribution to the prevention of dysbiosis consists in a healthy, low-fat and [[vitamins|vitamin and fiber-rich diet. We recommend whole grain products, nuts, seeds, sprouts as well as lots of fruit, vegetables and fresh salad. Sweets and white flour products are considered counterproductive and are suspected of promoting harmful intestinal fungi. Food of animal origin should also be consumed in moderation at best. Nicotine and excessive alcohol consumption damage the immune system and also have a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract.

If you are unsure about nutritional questions, you should seek advice from a trained ecotrophologist . Because of the great influence of nutrition on health, many health insurance companies offer such consultations free of charge or at least reimburse part of the fees.

Regular exercise is also essential for a healthy intestine, whereby a brisk walk of around 30 minutes is enough to stimulate the intestines.

If dysbiosis has already occurred, natural medicine recommends thorough intestinal cleansing followed by reconstruction of the intestinal flora. For this purpose, special strains of bacteria are used, which are available in capsule form without a prescription in pharmacies and drugstores.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.