Medication

Dermatics – Effect, Application & Risks

Dermatics

Dermatics are medicines that are used in various diseases of the skin and its appendages. These diseases usually cause changes in the skin. These can occur, among other things, in the form of a rash , eczema , erythema , boils , herpes , or a wart .

What are dermatics?

Dermatics heal many different skin diseases and are mainly prescribed by dermatologists . The preparations for external use can be administered in the form of creams, ointments, gels or powders. In this case, the active ingredient diffuses through the skin into the body.

Drops and tablets that work from inside the body may also be prescribed for certain skin changes. Skin diseases can be the result or a side effect of another existing disease. This possibility must be considered prior to the choice of skin medication. Infections caused by viruses , bacteria or fungi are each treated differently.

In this case, external application is not always sufficient. Some preparations promote the wound healing process , disinfect the wound or relieve itching . Skin care products from drugstores are also referred to as dermatics. These do not heal the skin, but care for, regenerate, protect or moisturize it. The therapeutic goal is to regenerate the structure and function of the skin and to ensure a functioning barrier.

Medical application, effect & use

Dermatics are medicines that are used to apply to the skin and heal various skin lesions. Local steroids have an anti-inflammatory effect and are administered in the form of an ointment. These are applied to treat neurodermatitis , psoriasis , psoriasis or allergic eczema.The cause of the inflammation is not fought, but its symptoms such as redness , swelling and itching are alleviated. The steroids are absorbed by the skin cells and stop them from producing certain inflammatory substances. These substances include prostaglandins, which cause these symptoms. Wound treatment agents are dermatics that are used to clean wounds and promote their healing.

In the case of a bacterial infection , a special enzyme preparation can remove the fibrin deposits and necrotic layers. Disinfectants and local antibiotics can be used to clean wounds that are at risk of infection as well as wounds that are already contaminated. These antiseptics have a broad spectrum of activity and kill bacteria, fungi and viruses. These attack the cell structure or metabolism of the pathogen and kill or inhibit it.

Wound and healing ointments are other means that are used for application to the skin. These have anti-inflammatory, itching-relieving or wound-healing effects. These often also act as a kind of protective film that is intended to protect against further germ infections. The Bepanthen® ointment contains, for example, the active ingredient dexpanthenol . This accelerates the healing process in skin and mucous membrane injuries. This ointment is used especially for injuries to the mucous membranes of the eyes.

Zinc covers the injured skin and prevents contact with other pathogens. It inhibits pain , inflammation and the growth of germs on the conjunctiva. Zinc forms a network of fibrin and thereby promotes the closure of the wound. Skin care products moisturize.

Herbal, natural, homeopathic & pharmaceutical dermatics

Dermatics are available in different shapes and types. These can be both homeopathic and chemically produced. The raw materials can be solid, liquid and fatty. Solids include powders and semi-solids include lotions and pastes. These have a cooling and covering effect. Water and alcohol are liquid, cool, soften and degrease.

Ointments and oils are greasy, cover and moisturize. Creams are a mixture of water and oil. Water-in-oil emulsions are greasier than oil-in-water emulsions. Oily creams are suitable for dry skin types and wounds. Aqueous emulsions are suitable for oily skin types and wounds. Natural dermatics can be administered in the form of herbs, ointments, creams, gels, tinctures and oils. The drugs consist of purely natural substances.

These are extracted from the world of plants, minerals or animals. Vegetables include chamomile , arnica , oak bark, mahonia, calendula , coneflower , lemon balm , aloe vera and green tea. Homeopathy is usually particularly well tolerated by the body . Some plants have allergenic substances. The chemical dermatics containing lipid components are available as silicone oils, paraffins, fatty alcohols, waxes, fats and partial glycerides. These mixtures are anhydrous or have a very low water content.

The less water there is in the mixture, the greasy and sticky it is. Hydrophilic dermatics contain water-loving components. These can be solid or liquid in nature. The drug is usually composed of several components and mixes evenly in the water. The most important elements would be short chain alcohols, non-alcoholic solvents, glycols, macrogols and polyols. Which mixture is the right choice for the various skin diseases depends on whether the wound is dry or moist, chronic or acute.

Risks & side effects

The side effects for homeopathic dermatics are less than those for chemical ones. Some plants contain allergens that some people cannot tolerate. Natural substances only cause skin rashes and itching if there is an allergy to that substance. Cortisone ointments can thin the skin if used over a long period of time. Steroid acne is also possible. An ointment with a small amount of cortisone is therefore recommended for the face. Eye and nose drops containing cortisone can dry out the mucous membranes.Ointments that suppress the skin ‘s immune system can cause local inflammatory reactions. These drugs are called immunosuppressants and are mainly used in neurodermatitis patients. The use of disinfectants should be used with caution. Unprofessional use can lead to bacterial resistance. Very frequent hand disinfection damages the skin and dries it out. The natural skin flora is damaged and can no longer protect the skin from the outside.

Ointments used to treat inflammation, pain, or swelling can cause hypersensitivity reactions. These show up in the form of gastrointestinal complaints and allergic skin reactions. Allergic skin reactions would be itching and reddening of the skin. Allergic reactions can also cause dizziness , shortness of breath , and convulsions . Local skin changes such as contact dermatitis occur less frequently.

Lisa Newlon
 | Website

Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.