Body processes

Condition – function, task and diseases

Condition

Stamina is not the same as stamina, it is part of stamina. Condition means the physical condition of a person, i.e. the ability to perform at a high level for as long as possible. Fitness training can increase performance.

What is the condition?

Condition means performance in the areas of strength, endurance, speed, coordination and mobility. All areas overlap and can be improved with practice. Individual conditional characteristics can be increased through discipline and consistency. Everyday life, especially the practice of sport, places different physical demands on us.

Through the interaction of nervous system and muscles , strength causes us to overcome resistance. Muscle building training is only one form of strength training and serves to increase strength endurance and strength speed. If you have endurance, you can withstand a load longer or delay the drop in performance. Endurance is inextricably linked to the ability to recover.

Speed ​​enables us to react to an environmental stimulus as quickly as possible and to start moving immediately. Doctors distinguish between elementary and complex reaction speed. Mobility is a basic requirement for good physical condition. The elasticity of muscles and tendons is necessary for many movement sequences and prevents injuries.

Function & task

We mainly know condition in connection with sports, but everyone has a general condition. It is synonymous with physical performance and a measure of vitality and health.

Condition decreases with age, but can be improved with training. Through consistent exercises we can increase our muscle strength and the performance of our organs , endurance, speed, mobility and strength.

The basic motor skills are distributed differently in every person, so that individual sports talents can emerge. Strength includes maximum strength, i.e. the greatest possible force that is used to overcome resistance. Power speed, on the other hand, is the ability to use power quickly and optimally. Strength endurance, in turn, describes the resistance to fatigue, both in dynamic and static use of force. The reactive force refers to the eccentric-concentric rapid force with the shortest coupling, both when stretching and shortening the muscle. If a person develops a high level of physical exertion at the beginning of a load, this is ultimately referred to as explosive power.

There are also several forms of endurance that can be distinguished. Sports medicine makes a distinction between local and general endurance. When 14% or less of skeletal muscle is active, it is local endurance. The cardiovascular system is moderately loaded. Anything beyond that falls into the general endurance category.

When it comes to speed, a distinction is made between reaction speed, speed of movement and the ability to accelerate. Mobility describes the property of muscles and joints to be able to carry out large-scale (amplitude) movements. A good example of this is stretching exercises.

Flexibility depends on the skeletal structure and the associated supporting apparatus. The ability to stretch depends on the elasticity of the muscles and tendons. Active mobility describes the range of motion during one’s own muscle contraction, while passive mobility describes the greatest possible range of motion that is achieved through external forces. For coordination, the brain , central nervous system and skeleton work together in a targeted movement sequence.

Diseases & Ailments

A person ‘s physical and psychological qualities and characteristics are both inherited and influenced by the environment. Physical performance and condition can be increased through exercises, but one important personality trait must first be present: the will or motivation. The energy that is required to carry out an energy-sapping action is only provided if there is sufficient motivation.

During training, the stimulus produces a more or less effective adaptation of the organism. This in turn determines the structure, scope and intensity of training sessions. Conditioning training can be designed according to load intensity, load volume, duration and density.

In order to be able to achieve sporting performance, mental requirements are also necessary. The athlete needs motivation, cognitive, volitive and social skills. If you have volitive abilities, you can perform under stress and in the face of external resistance.

Diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), but also lifestyle can negatively affect the condition. It has been known for a long time that alcohol and nicotine reduce athletic endurance and performance.

The condition reduction caused by alcohol is considerable. The regeneration phases after an intoxication also last considerably longer than in a person who has not drunk anything. Smoking inevitably impairs the body’s performance, since tobacco smoke causes poorer blood circulation in the lungs and bronchi . As less oxygen gets into the lungs, the organs are less well supplied with nutrients.

Anyone who is quickly exhausted, i.e. has little strength and endurance, also loses quality of life. People with endurance deficits find it harder to get through everyday work or daily work at home and often have little strength for leisure activities.

But even people with MS can improve their situation through training. Of course, the fitness level of a competitive athlete is not the goal, but the patient regains quality of life through an improvement in endurance. Anyone who feels fitter is more mobile again and does more.

Even after a long acute illness, endurance training can make a difference again. The exercise intervals must be adapted to the physical conditions. The training strengthens the circulation , stabilizes the immune system and blood pressure .

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.