Medicinal plants

Burnet – Application & Treatment for Health


The burnet ( Sanguisorba ) belongs to the rose family and is found primarily in North America, in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere and in Asia.

Occurrence & cultivation of burnet

The genus burnet is a herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 50 to 200 cm and is mainly found on damp meadows. The pistils are bright dark red in color and look like buttons, which is how the plant got its name. The burnet is related to medicinal herbs such as agrimony or meadowsweet.

There are around 30 species, the most well-known of which are the burnet and the burnet. Synonyms for the plant are Herrgottsbärtlein , blood droplet , blood herb or meadow burnet . The burnet is hardy and perennial, its roots are rust-colored to dark brown. The leaves are light green in color and have filigree feathering. The leaf edges are serrated, leaves and stems are hairless. The flower heads form about 40 individual flowers and reach a length of 2 to 6 cm.

The plant flowers between July and September, its most important components are flavonoids, tanning agents, pseudosaponins or saponins. The small burnet is often grown in the herb garden. It is not very demanding and thrives particularly well in heavy and moist soil, with its aroma being able to develop better in the sun. In contrast to the large burnet, the small burnet has greenish flower heads that reach a diameter of 1 to 3 cm. The small burnet is evergreen and flowers between May and August.

Effect & Application

The burnet is a very old medicinal herb that was mainly used to heal wounds or to treat bleeding . The plant was already known in antiquity or in the Middle Ages, where it was mentioned in numerous herbal books. At the time of the plague, together with juniper, it was considered an important means of survival. In addition, the plant was also used in the past to combat tuberculosis and lung ulcers.

In case of heavy menstrual bleeding or various skin ailments, it was added to food as a press juice or also added to wine. Pilgrims brought the plant’s seeds to New England, from where it eventually spread to southern and central Europe. Hildegard von Bingen described the wild herb as burnet and attributed an antiseptic effect to it.

These properties are already evident in the botanical name of the plant: the name Sanguisorba is derived from the Latin term “sanguis”, which means something like “blood”. “Sorbere” has the meaning of “to absorb”. The plant is also used in the kitchen. It tastes similar to the cucumber and is also used for the well-known Frankfurt green sauce.

The young shoots and leaves are particularly recommended, the older ones have a rather bitter taste. The leaves are very well suited, for example, for the preparation of herb butter or herb quark, and they can also be used to season clear soups. However, the leaves should only be added after cooking, otherwise the aroma will disappear.

The ingredients of the burnet also have an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, styptic and diuretic effect. Due to these properties, the medicinal plant is used for inflammation of the mucous membranes in the throat or mouth, for wound healing , for spring fatigue or for diarrhea and flatulence .

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

The burnet is administered either pure, as a homeopathic remedy or as a tea. In its pure form, it is often used together with field horsetail to stop bleeding. The fresh leaves can also help relieve heartburn . The tea is used for inflammation in the throat or throat area, and only the herb is used here. In traditional Chinese medicine , the large burnet is also used to treat bloody diarrhea or hemorrhoids .

For the medicine cabinet, the flowering herb is dried together with the roots. A tea made from the small or large burnet is prepared with cold water and brought to the boil. It can be used as a rinse for gingivitis and as a remedy for diarrhea or hemorrhoids. From the fresh plant you need about three teaspoons per 150ml water for a tea, from the dried herb you can use a little less. A tea can also be prepared with the root of the plant.

To do this, pour 150ml of hot water over a teaspoon of the root and let the mixture steep for 10 to 15 minutes before straining the tea. About three to four cups of it can be drunk daily. Another option is to start the root cold. Then it is heated to the boil and strained after a minute. In the case of heavy menstrual bleeding, you can mix 30 g of burnet, lady ‘s mantle or shepherd’s purse and put five teaspoons in 2 glasses of water.

If you suffer from an intestinal infection, you can mix 250g of tormentilla root and burnet, four teaspoons each in two glasses of water. In the case of minor burns , the freshly peeled root is placed on the wound, which helps to accelerate healing and has an infection-preventing or anti-inflammatory effect. A diluted tincture is also suitable for inflammation.

For this, 30 drops of burnet tincture are dissolved in a glass of water and used as a gargle solution to relieve the symptoms. Some studies also discuss its effects against malignant tumor cells . However, an overdose with the medicinal plant should be avoided, as this can lead to stomach problems or nausea .

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.