Symptoms

Bump on Head – Causes, Treatment

Bump on the head

Everyone has a bump on their head at least once in their life . This can be completely harmless, but can also lead to life-threatening conditions. A bump on the head is caused by a fall or impact, by illness or has completely different causes. Since there are many causes, the treatment methods are also different. This guide therefore provides information about the causes, treatment options and complications associated with it. It also shows when it is absolutely necessary to see a doctor and what everyone can do preventively to counteract this disease.

What is a bump on the head?

By definition, a bump on the head is a “depression or “bulge” in the head area. It is always an unnatural phenomenon. The condition is not specific to a specific area of ​​the head, so it can occur on the back of the head as well as on the face.

A bump on the head is usually accompanied by discoloration of the surrounding tissue. This usually shows itself in what is colloquially referred to as a ” bruise “. The discoloration of the tissue can range from yellowish green to blue to dark violet. In many cases, those affected complain of pain in the head area, nausea or are exhausted and listless .

In some cases, there may be fainting spells or impaired vision and hearing . In order to ensure appropriate treatment, it must be clarified what exactly triggers tissue swelling. Since life-threatening conditions can arise in the event of a tumor, trained specialists must be consulted

causes

As already mentioned, a bump on the head can have various causes. In most and therefore also harmless cases, it is caused by injuries in the head area. This happens e.g. B. by a fall or hit on the face or back of the head or in a car accident. Blood or water can then seep into the surrounding tissue at the affected area, causing it to swell.

In addition, another existing disease can be considered as a trigger. An overactive or underactive thyroid gland disrupts the hormonal balance. This can also lead to a change in the head area. The same applies to heart disease , circulatory disorders , pregnancy, menopause or even protein deficiency . All of these things can create an imbalance in the body and therefore lead to swelling in the head area.

If the doctor finds a bump that is caused by a cyst or even a tumor, it is essential to seek further and rapid specialist medical care. The tissue changes do not necessarily have to be malignant, but treatment must take place immediately.

diseases with this symptom

complications

A bump on the head should not be dismissed as a trifle. Any swelling caused by different triggers can have an accompanying disease. It could be a concussion . Headaches and vomiting are typical signs of a concussion. This must be treated with rest, otherwise permanent damage may occur. Cerebral hemorrhage can also occur, which is life-threatening.

Smaller swellings usually do not pose any danger. These healed by themselves after a short time. However, if it is more serious, the blood flow in the brain can be disturbed. Certain parts of the brain can then not be supplied with sufficient oxygen, which can lead to failures in the vegetative nervous system and even permanent disabilities.

If the affected person is bleeding from the ear, this also indicates a serious injury. In this case, too, a doctor must be consulted, as this can indicate a brain haemorrhage, which in turn could be fatal. The difficulty with head injuries is that X-rays cannot show bleeding in the brain. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the patient is important.

Appropriate follow-up care is essential if the person requires surgery for a tumor or cyst. Complications related to anesthesia, infections or wound healing disorders can occur. A certain risk is therefore always associated with an operation.

When should you go to the doctor?

If there are no accompanying symptoms, such as headaches or dizziness , there is no need to see a doctor. The resulting tissue swelling will disappear on its own within a few days. When pressure is applied to the bump, in most cases there is a slight pain. However, this will decrease as soon as the feeling of pressure stops.

However, if the pain sensation persists for a long time, if it even increases or if it develops into a radiant pain, this should be checked by a doctor. In this case, other parts of the head can be affected, which should be examined by a doctor. If there is no improvement over the course of a few days, but rather additional symptoms, a doctor’s visit is also necessary. These other complaints include fever, nausea and vomiting, headaches or even vision and hearing disorders. If an affected person faints, a medical examination must also be carried out.

If a bump on the head is not due to an external cause, caution is also required. Since there is a risk of a serious internal disease, it is essential for a doctor to carry out further examinations in order to be able to rule out or diagnose any bleeding. If a bump persists for a long time without any of the above-mentioned causes, its structure, color and size should be examined by a doctor at regular intervals to identify changes such as: B. a sudden proliferation of the tissue to be recognized immediately.

Diagnose

Most patients can identify and feel a bump on their head themselves. If this swelling was preceded by a blow or a fall on the head, this can be the cause. However, if nothing of the sort has preceded a bump on the head, a doctor should be consulted to make a diagnosis. This will clarify with the patient in an anamnesis interview whether there are previous illnesses. Furthermore, it is discussed whether and if so, which medication the person concerned is taking and what his/her general state of health is like.

This will be followed by an examination, which will include drawing blood and palpating the bump and surrounding tissue. The doctor will be able to test the sensitivity to pain by gently pressing and determine whether this z. B. is filled with pus . If no clear diagnosis can be made after this either, the doctor will order further imaging procedures. This may include computed tomography , magnetic resonance imaging , and heart scans via ultrasound .

If a clear diagnosis can be made after the examinations, further treatment will be coordinated accordingly. A bump from an external force will quickly go away on its own. However, once a tumor or cyst has been diagnosed, it is a serious matter that requires prompt specialist attention. This is the only way to preserve the patient’s life.

Treatment & Therapy

Depending on the underlying cause of a swelling on the head, an appropriate treatment will be carried out. If it is caused by a bump or a fall, no special treatment is required as the symptoms will go away on their own.

If a changed hormone balance is the cause, remedy and relief can be provided by administering special medication. These corresponding active ingredients have a regulating effect on the hormone balance and derive the accumulated water from the tissue.

If a tumor or cyst has been diagnosed, tissue samples must first be used to determine whether they are benign or malignant. If it turns out to be malignantly altered tissue, it must be surgically removed immediately. If the tissue sample is benign, medication can be given to make the bump go away.

If the bump does not have an underlying malignancy, the doctor may choose not to prescribe medication but to treat the condition alternatively. He can use a stroking massage to gradually and gently drain the accumulated water from the swelling. Other methods are pneumatic compression or lymphatic drainage .

If an allergy was found to be the cause of the bump, priority should be given to investigating which substance the affected person is allergic to. Once the corresponding irritant has been identified, it must be avoided. This can be an allergic reaction to certain foods, fragrances, or certain fibers in clothing. Medications can help so that the swelling subsides.

Outlook & Forecast

As already mentioned, this disease has various causes. Once the actual cause has been identified, a prognosis can be made accordingly. If the person concerned has fallen or hit his head, this is one of the more harmless cases. Within a short time, the pain will go away and the swelling will go away completely. Therefore, no permanent damage remains and complete healing is realistic.

If the person concerned was involved in a serious accident, a craniocerebral trauma can develop. If this is recognized and treated, the prognosis for complete recovery is good. However, if a traumatic brain injury goes undetected and therefore untreated, it can lead to the death of the person concerned.

If there is an underlying allergy, the trigger must be found as quickly as possible. If this is located, it can be avoided. If the triggering substance is also avoided in the future, nothing stands in the way of a positive prognosis. The person can live without symptoms.

With regard to a cyst or a tumor, the prognosis can be different. If the cause is identified and treated quickly, an immediate operation can be performed. These interventions are no longer uncommon. Therefore, a good and complete healing can be expected. However, if the tumor is not detected, serious problems can arise. In the worst case, the person affected can die.

prevention

Unfortunately, it is not completely possible to prevent a bump on the head. However, if certain precautionary measures are taken in one’s own life or in the immediate vicinity, grossly negligent falls can be prevented.

who e.g. B. is exposed to an increased risk potential due to his job or also practices high-risk sports, should definitely pay attention to the prescribed safety requirements. This can be wearing a helmet or an appropriate safety device to avoid falls. If the hormone balance changes, this cannot be treated preventively. However, if necessary, medication can be taken to prevent violent fluctuations during menopause.

The development of cysts or tumors cannot be preceded by 100% prevention either. However, a certain risk potential can be reduced by a healthy lifestyle with enough exercise in the fresh air and a healthy diet. Those who abstain from nicotine , recreational drugs and alcohol will also spare their bodies unnecessary stress .

In order to prevent life-threatening complications from a bump on the head, a specialist should be consulted immediately, who can carry out a comprehensive examination. Likewise, check-ups for older people should not be neglected.

You can do that yourself

If you suffer from a bump on your head, there is no need to panic. However, the person concerned should consult a doctor for clarification. In many cases, the bump turns out to be a harmless swelling that goes away after a few days. During this time, the person concerned can place a cool cloth or compress (but never ice cold!) on the swelling. Rest and not too much physical exertion will help in recovery. If a headache occurs, a painkiller can be taken to support it in consultation with the doctor.

If there is an allergic background, the person concerned should avoid the irritant or ban it from their life. In this way, an almost completely normal life can be led. Those who get hormonal bumps on their heads should take the prescribed supplements regularly to bring the body back into balance.

Rest is also advised for cysts or tumors that require surgery. After an operation, the entire organism has to recover. In addition, all follow-up visits should be attended to ensure optimal recovery.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.