Medical devices

Bug Spray – Use & Health Benefits

Bug spray

Insect sprays are used to ward off harmful insects. However, they should always be used with care.

What is bug spray?

An insect spray is understood to be an agent that is used to repel insects. These are usually aerosol containers that deliver a chemical insecticide. Spraying kills different types of insects, such as wasps, mosquitoes , moths, cockroaches or flies. These can sometimes be dangerous to humans.

Protection from certain insect species may be desirable for a variety of reasons. There is a risk of contamination from some species, for example from flies, which previously cavort in a dung heap and thus carry germs or excrement residues with them on their bodies.

Clothes moths, in turn, can leave holes in clothing, while mosquitoes inflict unpleasant itching bites on people and sometimes transmit diseases. For this reason, insect repellents , which include insect sprays, are used in the home that contain insecticides.

Shapes, Species & Types

Insecticides are easily distributed through a bug spray in living spaces, where they usually kill all insects. However, this also includes beneficial insects such as bees. It is therefore necessary to use it in moderation.

Insect sprays can be equipped with different insecticides. Common active ingredients include pyrethrum, pyrethroids and piperonyl butoxide. Pyrethrum is one of the oldest insecticides used as a pest control agent. It is made from dried flowers of different Chrysanthemum species. The insecticidal effect of the agent is considered very strong. However, there is only a low level of toxicity for warm-blooded animals.

Pyrethroids, which are semi-synthetic compounds, are considered derivatives of pyrethrum active ingredients. Her potency is significantly higher. They also prove to be more environmentally stable. The most well-known active ingredients of this type used in insect sprays include transfluthrin, tetramethrin and permethrin.

Piperonyl butoxide is not an insecticide. As a synergist, however, the substance is often used on the basis of pyrethroid in insect sprays. It increases the effectiveness of the pyrethroids. Some insect sprays also contain the active ingredient caprylic acid. They are considered to be biological agents and are not neurotoxins. The caprylic acid can be used to detach the chitin shell, which is vital for the insects.

Structure & functionality

An insect spray is usually composed of an aerosol bottle from which the insecticide is released in a spray. The sprays contain chemicals such as organophosphorus compounds that block the action of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Acetylcholine is a transmitting substance within the nerve center. In the neuromuscular synapse , the substance is released by motor neurons. This stimulates muscle contraction while the nerves are permanently excited.

The pyrethroids often contained in insect sprays are among the neurotoxins and develop their effect as a contact poison. Humans and various mammals are equipped with endogenous enzymes that break down the pyrethroids. For this reason, the insecticides can hardly work on them. However, since the insects do not have such enzymes, they quickly die.

Also deadly for insects is permethrin, which is absorbed by the pests through the surface of their bodies. It then spreads throughout the insect’s body. Permethrin is also found in products for dogs. The substance combats mites , fleas , ticks and lice . However, unlike dogs, permethrin is not suitable for cats. Since their organism is not able to break down the active ingredient, it leads to their death.

Although the use of bug sprays is controversial, they have several advantages over other insect repellents. Using a fly swatter is a natural remedy, but not effective enough, as the insects often hide and nest in other places. Light sources that are under high voltage, on the other hand, often have no effect on mosquitoes, so that insect spray is often the most effective means.

Medical & health benefits

Insect sprays should always be used with caution. If they are dosed too heavily, people are at risk of unpleasant side effects . These include burning eyes, redness of the skin , tingling and itching . However, these problems are mostly temporary.

When inhaling large amounts of Pryethroid there is a risk of anxiety , visual disturbances , hearing disturbances , dizziness , nausea and headaches . Reconsider using bug sprays when babies are in the house. You have fewer enzymes available for detoxification.

Due to the chemical ingredients in insect sprays, their use is sometimes rightly criticized. However, the funds can also help to protect health. The use of insect sprays against pests that can transmit pathogens, such as mosquitoes or flies, is considered sensible. The sprays can also prevent severe allergic reactions that can be triggered by wasps. Wasp stings are particularly unpleasant because the wasp can sting several times Sometimes infections are also triggered.

With the regular and professional use of insect sprays, it is possible to protect people from health damage caused by insects. This also includes serious diseases such as malaria , West Nile fever or yellow fever .

The premises where the sprays were used should not be entered for several hours after spraying.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.