Medicinal plants

Arnica – Use & Treatment for Health


Arnica (lat. Arnica montana) is a medicinal plant that has been known for a long time . Some know them better under the name Bergwohlmiete.

Occurrence & Cultivation of Arnica

Arnica prefers to grow in mountains over 800 meters high and can also cope very well with nutrient-poor soils.

Arnica can be found in the Alps, Pyrenees, the Balkans, southern Scandinavia and the Baltic States. But arnica can also be seen in the Thuringian Forest.

Arnica is a daisy family and grows up to half a meter tall. The plant flowers in June and July, often as late as August.

The flowers are bright yellow. Since arnica is very rare and is on the list of endangered species, the aromatically fragrant plant is protected.

Effect & Application

In contrast to other medicinal herbs , arnica was not known in ancient times. Arnica was first used for various ailments around the 18th century. In the meantime, however, arnica has become indispensable in homeopathy .

Nevertheless, conventional medicine still argues about the actual benefits. The flowers and roots of the plant play a special role in its use. At flowering time, only the flowers and leaves are harvested. In September and October you can then dig up the roots. They are processed into special tinctures. The large-scale cultivation of arnica has not yet succeeded. For this reason, only the flowers that occur in the wild are collected for further processing.

Arnica has an anti-inflammatory effect. As a gargle, it helps with inflammation in the mouth and throat. Arnica tincture poultices relieve swelling and pain . Ointments containing the active ingredient arnica play a major role in strains , bruises, muscle and body aches .

As a further external application, arnica is also available as a bath additive. Internal applications should be treated with extreme caution. Arnica has a very strong effect on the heart and circulation. To be on the safe side, every application should therefore be discussed with a doctor.

For this reason, many types of tea containing arnica were withdrawn from the market in the past. Also unusual is the earlier use of arnica in snuff.

Importance to health

Arnica has been shown to improve wound healing . Well dosed, arnica is also said to have a positive effect on diseases of the heart and circulatory system. Thus, a patient with low blood pressure can drink a little of the boiled brew from the arnica roots immediately after getting up.

But caution is advised. Arnica is very powerful. Therefore, it should only be taken internally after consulting a doctor. Arnica can quickly lead to poisoning . They manifest themselves in nausea and vomiting as well as damage to the stomach and intestines or even to the heart. Also, some people are allergic to the plant. Also, arnica should not be used for all injuries.

The positive effect is proven for blunt injuries (muscle bruises), strains and bruises with the formation of a bruise . Here, for example, fresh leaves can be placed on the bruise. However, arnica must not get into open wounds.

Arnica can also be useful after surgery, especially on teeth. It is not recommended to use arnica before surgery. The risk of complications should be avoided. Arnica is now also indispensable after an insect bite and for rheumatic complaints. It is not for nothing that arnica was popularly called the first-aid herb.

Lisa Newlon
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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.