Medication

Antimycotics – Effect, Application & Risks

Antimykotika

Antifungal agents are also known as antifungal agents or antifungal agents and are used to combat fungal infestation. In medicine, various antimycotics are divided, for example, with regard to their mechanisms of action.

What are antifungals?

Some antimycotics develop their antifungal effect by impairing the metabolic processes of the fungus. Other antimycotics mean that the fungus to be combated cannot develop unlimited cell walls. Also, some antifungal agents are able to form pores in a fungus membrane, which negatively affect the viability of the fungus.

Antimycotics are also subdivided according to whether they kill the fungi to be controlled or whether they merely inhibit their ability to reproduce. Antifungal antifungals are also known as fungicidal antifungals, while antifungal agents that inhibit proliferation are also called ‘fungistatic antifungals’.

Application, benefit & use

To combat fungal infections, antimycotics are used locally (limited to the site of infection) or systemically (affecting the organism as a whole), depending on the type of infection. Locally applied antimycotics are applied, for example, in the form of ointments, tinctures, powder, nail polish or sprays and are used, for example, in the treatment of fungal infections affecting the skin, mucous membranes or nails.Local antimycotics are often used against mild to moderate forms of nail fungus (on fingernails or toenails). However, if nail fungus is already well advanced and is becoming severe, combined therapy with systemic antimycotics may be necessary. These antifungals are administered in the form of tablets or juices, among other things.

The patient and the attending physician usually decide whether to use systemically acting antimycotics after weighing up the medical benefits and possible side effects. Other fungal infections that can be treated with antimycotics are, for example, vaginal thrush, inflammation of the oral mucosa caused by fungi or what is known as diaper dermatitis (skin infections in the diaper area in infants).

Locally applied antimycotics against vaginal thrush can be in the form of suppositories , among other things , while inflammation of the oral mucosa can be counteracted with antimycotics in the form of oral gels. Internal organs can also be affected by fungal infections and are usually treated with systemic antifungal drugs.

Herbal, natural & pharmaceutical antifungals

While antimycotics of various active ingredient complexes are used on a chemical-pharmaceutical level, primarily in the context of conventional medicine, naturopathy , among other things, presents alternative methods for combating fungal infections.

A naturopathic alternative to combating potentially health-damaging intestinal fungi with antimycotics, for example, consists of various behavioral measures: After that, those affected should, for example, follow sugar- and carbohydrate- free diets in order to deprive the intestinal fungi of their nutritional basis. In addition, environmental toxins such as nicotine , insecticides (insecticides) or chlorinated water should be avoided.

Instead of chemical-pharmaceutical antimycotics, naturopathy also recommends forms of intestinal cleansing, such as restoring an intact intestinal flora. The effectiveness of corresponding naturopathic methods for combating fungi is considered controversial in medicine.

The antimycotics administered in the context of homeopathy also differ from the chemical-pharmaceutical antimycotics. In many cases, homeopathic doctors advise against homeopathic treatment of fungal infections on your own, since homeopaths are convinced that the remedies administered must be precisely tailored to the individual person and their physical constitution.

Just like the effectiveness of naturopathic remedies to combat fungal infections, the effectiveness of homeopathic antimycotics is often not scientifically proven.

Risks & side effects

Using antifungal drugs to treat fungal infections can come with a variety of risks and side effects. This applies not only to antimycotics on a chemical-pharmaceutical basis, but also, for example, to homeopathic antimycotics.For example, the German Central Association of Homeopathic Doctors (DZVhÄ) warns of possible severe, unwanted reactions that can last for several months when using homeopathic antimycotics on your own.

Depending on the active ingredient and form of chemical-pharmaceutical antifungals, manufacturers advise against use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, among other things. Doctors can also advise against the use of various antifungals in the case of intolerances, allergies or severe liver diseases.

Possible side effects of chemical-pharmaceutical antimycotics include headaches or nausea . Side effects of locally effective antimycotics are usually localized.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.