Medicinal plants

Amaranth – Application & Treatment for Health


Amaranth , amaranth ( Amaranthus ), is an annual to biannual herb found in about 70 species around the world, the seeds and leaves of which are suitable for consumption. Amaranth is mainly used in wholesome nutrition and in dietetics.

Occurrence & Cultivation of Amaranth

Amaranth ( Amaranthus ), also known as amaranth , occurs in about 70 species, belongs to the plant genus of the foxtail family ( Amaranthaceae ), is an annual, rarely biennial herbaceous plant. The stalks of the approximately 50 to 100 cm tall herb are often branched, the stalked, sometimes red and yellow colored, mostly green leaves are arranged alternately.

The spike-like inflorescences are cream, yellow or crimson; the flowers unisexual. Amaranth blooms between June and October. The encapsulated fruits contain a large number of seeds, about 1 mm in size, which are white, black, reddish or yellow in colour, taste nutty and can be harvested in late autumn. About 50,000 seeds develop per plant.

Amaranth is native to Latin America but is found worldwide, with the exception of arctic areas. The plant is undemanding, needs little water, but needs the sun. It grows wild in wasteland and steppe areas and is also cultivated as a crop. Species planted in Europe prefer nutrient-rich soils. Here, however, amaranth forms also frequently occur as weeds accompanying maize and vegetable cultivation.

Effect & Application

Amaranth fruits contain a very high proportion of proteins and essential amino acids , including lysine. The content of minerals , iron , zinc , magnesium and calcium is also above average. In addition, there are unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid and omega-3 fatty acids, as well as fiber and tannins and vitamins B1 and E.

Amaranth is a pseudocereal and therefore gluten-free. It can be used in celiac disease , a chronic disease of the mucous membrane of the small intestine, and has also proven itself as a grain substitute for neurodermatitis and other allergies . Due to its high iron content, amaranth can generally be given in the event of iron deficiency and increased iron requirements during pregnancy and menstruation. The leaves, which can be eaten as a vegetable, are very rich in protein and exceed the protein content of soy .

Lysine, contained in 15 percent of amaranth, has a harmonizing effect on the acid-base balance in the human body. Amaranth can therefore have a balancing effect on stomach and kidney disorders or be given as a diet. Due to its protein content, it is a food of high biological value. Zinc is a vital trace element needed during growth, for skin and connective tissue regeneration , for protein synthesis, for insulin storage and to strengthen the immune system . It also has an antioxidant effect.

Magnesium supports the body’s own protein build-up, has a positive effect on the insulin balance in diabetes , strengthens the central nervous system and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Calcium is involved in many processes in the body. It is essential for teeth and bone formation during growth. Calcium supports blood coagulation , tonifies cell membranes.

Linoleic acid is involved in the ongoing regeneration processes of the skin and provides natural sun protection. Alpha-linolenic acid has a positive effect on inflammatory processes and shows reactions similar to fish oil. Omega-3 fatty acids act as antioxidants, regulate blood fat levels and protect against osteoporosis , an age-related fragility of the bones. Vitamin B promotes the absorption and conversion of omega-3 fatty acids in the human organism.

Importance for health, treatment & prevention

Due to its high nutritional value and its good tolerability, amaranth is used in a variety of ways in the food industry: the fruit is used as a component of bread, muesli, pastries, pasta and confectionery, as well as for the production of baby and toddler food. Amaranth is widely used in vegetarian and vegan cuisine because it contains many necessary, life-sustaining substances.

Naturopathy uses amaranth as an infusion of the leaves and as a paste of the grains for anemia , headaches , migraines , menstrual cramps , sleep disorders , fever , throat and mouth ulcers and diarrheaand to stop bleeding. In addition, amaranth is considered an anti-aging agent because of its composition. Due to its combination of vital substances and its good tolerability, amaranth is also becoming increasingly important in Europe in the areas of nutrition and active health care. It offers the necessary nutritional supplements for low-meat, vegetarian and vegan diets and is ideal during the growth period and during convalescence.

Amaranth is a good alternative to conventional cereals for diets caused by food intolerance or diabetes. It also prevents allergies that are caused, among other things, by an unbalanced diet. Amaranth is a balanced food. It is one of the oldest crops in the world and can be prepared in many ways. The very protein-rich leaves are also suitable for consumption.

It has an antioxidant effect and thus serves to prevent cancer . Due to its magnesium and zinc content, among other things, amaranth has a balancing effect on the central nervous system. Negative stress and its consequences can be counteracted in this way. The pseudo-grain combines many advantages that prevent diseases caused by civilization. Amaranth is increasingly finding its place in a healthy, varied, wholesome diet rich in vital substances.

In the case of illness, amaranth can be given as a supplement. It is well tolerated as a diet. Above all, the substances contained in it can be easily absorbed and utilized by the human organism. In European naturopathy it plays a subordinate role. Amaranth is a food that can be consumed over a long period of time and has no negative side effects, making a lasting contribution to a healthy lifestyle.

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Hello! I am Lisa Newlon, and I am a medical writer and researcher with over 10 years of experience in the healthcare industry. I have a Master’s degree in Medicine, and my deep understanding of medical terminology, practices, and procedures has made me a trusted source of information in the medical world.